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Table 2 Nursing staff's opinion of what causes falls

From: The nursing staff's opinion of falls among older persons with dementia. a cross-sectional study

         Worked in the care unit in question
CAUSING FALLS Total n = 63 ENs n = 40 RNs N = 14 p-value1) ≤5 years n = 34 >5 years n = 29
FACTORS RELATED TO THE INDIVIDUAL Mean SD Mean SD Mean SD   Mean SD Mean SD
Forgetfulness related to            
Time, place and situation 2.2 1.1 2.3 1.1 2.1 1.0   2.2 1.1 2.3 1.1
Impaired physical condition 3.0 .8 3.0 .7 3.4 .6   3.1 .8 3.0 .7
Mental condition 2.3 .9 2.3 .9 2.1 .9   2.2 1.0 2.4 .8
How to use remedies 1.9 .9 2.1 1.0 1.6 .8   1.9 .9 2.0 1.0
That one need help with ADL 2.3 .9 2.3 .9 2.2 .9   2.2 .8 2.2 1.0
Anxiety/confusion 2.8 .9 2.9 .9 2.8 1.0   2.6 .9 3.0 .8
Ability to understand and express one self            
Ability to call for help 2.8 .8 2.8 .9 2.7 .8   2.8 .7 2.8 1.0
Ability to understand staff's instructions 2.3 .9 2.5 .9 2.2 1.0   2.2 .9 2.4 1.0
Physical factors            
Mobility 2.7 .9 2.7 .9 3.0 .7   2.7 .9 2.8 .8
Bodily built 1.9 .9 2.0 1.0 1.9 .8   1.9 .8 1.9 1.0
Body control and movements 2.7 .8 2.7 .8 2.9 .8   2.5 .8 2.9 .8
Impaired assessment of distance 2.5 .8 2.6 .9 2.5 .8   2.4 .8 2.6 .8
Dizziness 2.5 .84 2.5 .8 2.8 .9   2.6 .8 2.4 .9
Sight 2.4 .70 2.4 .7 2.4 .8   2.3 .7 2.4 .7
Hearing 2.0 .9 2.0 .9 1.8 1.1   2.0 1.0 1.9 .9
ENVIRONMENTAL FACTORS            
Physical environment            
Unsurveyable locals and long distances 1.6 .7 1.6 .8 1.5 .7   1.6 .7 1.6 .8
Colours and materials on floors 1.4 .7 1.5 .8 1.3 .5   1.3 .6 1.6 .8
Carpets, furniture and equipment 1.3 .6 1.4 .6 1.1 .3 .051 1.4 .6 1.3 .5
Illumination 1.3 .5 1.2 .4 1.4 .5   1.3 .6 1.3 .4
Wet floors 1.3 .6 1.2 .5 1.4 .7   1.4 .7 1.1 .4
Psycho-social environment            
Noise and disturbances 1.5 .7 1.5 .7 1.5 .7   1.5 .7 1.5 .8
Disturbing co-residents 2.0 .8 2.0 .8 2.2 .8   1.9 .8 2.1 .8
Aggressive and annoying co-residents 2.0 .8 2.0 .8 2.2 .9   1.9 .8 2.1 .7
Staff organisation and priorities            
Number of staff 2.4 .9 2.4 .9 2.7 .8   2.2 .9 2.6 .9
Planning and prioritizing work 1.5 .7 1.6 .6 1.6 1.0   1.5 .7 1.5 .7
Insufficient knowledge of the residents risk behavior 1.4 .6 1.4 .5 1.7 .9   1.4 .7 1.5 .5
Discovering fall risk too late 1.6 .6 1.7 .7 1.5 .5   1.6 .6 1.7 .7
Prioritizing the residents' integrity and autonomi 1.9 .8 1.8 .7 2.4 .9 .023 1.9 .9 1.9 .7
  1. 1) Significance test Mann Whitney U-test