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Table 2 Frequency and/or mean scores regarding RNs' demographic data in 2003 and in 2006 (n = 196).

From: Life values as predictors of pain, disability and sick leave among Swedish registered nurses: a longitudinal study

Variables   2003    2006  
  n (%) M (SD) Range n (%) M (SD) Range
Pain problems (yes/no) 94/102 (48/52)    102/94 (52/48)   
1 Neck 29 (15)    41 (22)   
1Shoulders 44 (22)    49 (25)   
1Upper back 19 (10)    23 (12)   
1Lower back 45 (23)    46 (23)   
1Other pain sites 41 (21)    51 (30)   
Sick days during past year (yes/no) 115/81 (59/41)    108/92 (54/46)   
Number of sick days    5.7 (12.4) 0 - 90    16.4 (44.1) 0 - 354
1Pain during past week 93 (47) 3.9 (2.6) 0 - 7 102 (51) 4.6 (2.3) 0 - 7
1Days using medications 92 (46) 1.2 (1.9) 0 - 7 100 (50) 0.5 (0.5) 0 - 7
1, 2Restriction in leisure time 91 (49) 27.1(25.1) 0 - 85 101 (51) 32.6 (26.6) 0 - 98
  1. 1Only RNs who experienced pain answered the questions. VAS scales generally run from 0 to 100;
  2. 2 = the scales run from positive to negative; Bold figures = significant; neck p < 0.05 and number of sick days p < 0.001