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Table 4 Peri-operative nurses’ reported knowledge and actions pre and post-intervention (n=70)

From: Peri-operative nurses’ knowledge and reported practice of pressure injury risk assessment and prevention: A before-after intervention study

  Pre-intervention Post-intervention P-value+
Pressure injury stages^ n % n %  
 Correctly describe PI stages 36 52 57 83 0.001
 Correctly match PI stages to descriptions 57 85 61 91 0.581
Actions for patient with new stage 1 β PI on heels # n % n %  
 Reassess PI risk assessment (PI RA) score 29 41 40 57 0.05
 Notify the nurse at handover 63 90 67 96 0.289
 Complete an incident report 32 46 29 41 0.711
 Elevate affected area onto offloading device 34 49 39 56 0.458
 Rub / massage the area 22 31 10 14 0.02
 Reposition affected area onto donut air-pillow 38 54 35 51 0.85
Actions for patient with new stage 2 β PI on buttocks # ^ n % n %  
 Reassess PI RA score 33 48 42 60 0.16
 Notify the nurse at handover 64 93 64 93 1.00
 Complete an incident report 41 59 49 71 0.152
 Reposition patient onto their side 45 65 52 75 0.210
 Rub / massage the area 8 12 2 3 0.04
 Reposition affected area onto donut air-pillow 17 25 22 31 0.67
  1. + Chi-square test of association was used for proportions.
  2. ^ Data missing.
  3. β NPUAP Pressure Ulcer Staging System.
  4. # Where totals add to > 100%, more than one answer was possible.
  5. Contraindicated nursing actions.