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Table 5 Peri-operative nurses’ reported practice pre- and post-intervention (n=70)

From: Peri-operative nurses’ knowledge and reported practice of pressure injury risk assessment and prevention: A before-after intervention study

  Pre-intervention (%) Post-intervention (%) P-value+
Pressure injury risk assessment method #^ n % n %  
 Risk assessment tool 7 12 24 40 0.000
 Clinical judgement alone 55 92 55 92 1.000
 Risk assessment tool & clinical judgement 6 9 19 27 0.008
Devices used for pressure injury prevention in operating room # ^ n % n %  
Recommended devices
 Pillows 64 96 60 90 0.289
 Gel (rings/pads/cushions) 51 76 52 78 1.000
 Gel (table overlay) 41 61 46 69 0.383
 Foam (rings/pads/cushions) 27 40 28 42 1.000
 Replacement mattress (fluidised gel) 14 21 18 27 0.388
Non-recommended devices
 Donut air-pillow 20 30 17 25 0.581
 Water-filled gloves 2 3 2 3 1.000
No current evidence
 Towels 19 28 16 24 0.607
 Blankets 12 18 10 15 0.791
 Beanbag 11 16 11 16 1.000
  1. + Chi-square test of association was used for proportions.
  2. # Where totals add to > 100%, more than one answer was possible.
  3. ^ Data missing.