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Table 1 Description of sample population

From: Tobacco cessation Clinical Practice Guideline use by rural and urban hospital nurses: a pre-implementation needs assessment

  Rural
(N = 116)
Urban
(N = 141)
p value
Current work status full-time % (n) 72% (84) 61% (86) .06
Year of graduation, M ± SD 1986 ± 12 1989 ± 10 .02
Years worked in current area, M ± SD 14 ± 11 13 ± 10 .59
Smoking status    .02
Daily smoker % (n) 9% (10) 4% (6)  
Occasional smoker % (n) 3% (3) 7% (9)  
Former smoker % (n) 36% (42) 22% (30)  
Never smoker % (n) 53% (61) 67% (90)  
Stages of Change (for smokers)    .95
Pre-contemplating quitting % (n) 33% (4) 29% (4)  
Contemplating quitting % (n) 58% (7) 64% (9)  
Currently in process of quitting % (n) 8% (1) 7% (1)  
Time spent intervening with tobacco % (n)    .12
0-3 minutes 35% (39) 42% (58)  
3-10 minutes 35% (39) 21% (29)  
10+ minutes 4% (4) 4% (5)  
Does not counsel 27% (30) 33% (45)  
Provides tobacco cessation talks a M ± SD 1.2 ± 0.6 1.1 ± 0.4 .15
Believe brief advice to stop smoking is effectiveb 2.4 ± 0.9 2.4 ± 1.0 .58
Attitude about intervening b, c M ± SD 3.2 ± 0.5 3.1 ± 0.5 .18
Confidence with intervening d M ± SD* 2.6 ± 0.7 2.3 ± 0.6 < .01
Tobacco counselling perceived as part of role    .01
Very much 44% 28%  
Somewhat 53% 63%  
Not at all 3% 9%  
  1. Note. M represents the arithmetic mean and ± SD represents 1 standard deviation. There were less than 6 missing per group for all analyses except year of graduation--rural was missing 7 and urban was missing 14. The p value was set at α = .01 using a Bonferroni adjustment for multiple comparisons for demographics and beliefs/confidence, and time spent.
  2. a Scale was 1 = never, 2 = seldom, 3 = occasionally, and 4 = frequently.
  3. b Scored on a 4-point scale from 1 (strongly disagree) to 4 (strongly agree).
  4. c The mean represents the average of the 4 attitude items.
  5. d Scored on a 4-point scale from 1 (not confident) to 4 (very confident). The mean represents the average of the 8 confidence items.