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Table 4 Operationalization of the subsystem of producing changes in patients’ condition

From: Conceptualizing performance of nursing care as a prerequisite for better measurement: a systematic and interpretive review

Producing changes in patients’ conditions 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 # models
1. Risk outcomes and safety                                 
Falls 1   1    1   1   1   1 1 1          1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 17
Injuries           1    1            1      1 1 1 6
Medication management: errors and complications 1   1      1   1   1 1 1 1        1    1 1 1 1   1   14
Pulmonary infections              1 1         1    1     1    5
Pressure ulcers/skin integrity    1    1   1   1   1 1 1 1 1 1      1 1 1 1 °    1 1 1 17
Urinary complications           1    1 1   1          1     1    6
Intravenous infections       1                 1 1 1 1     1 1   7
Abuses           1    1                   1 3
Nosocomial infections (taken broadly) 1   1 1     1     1   1    1      1   1 1 1      1 12
Failure to rescue                 1        1   1 1       4
2. Patient comfort and quality of life related to care                                 
Hygiene    1      1   1      1                  4
Physical and chemical restraints       1     1 1   1           1   1     1 1   8
Symptoms management ( e.g., pain, nausea, dyspnoea, fever) 1   1 1 1 1 1 1     1 1   1 1 1 1 1 1 1   1 1 1   1    1 1 22
Incontinence    1        1    1   1   1                5
Comfort and quality of life (taken broadly)                     1    1     1      3
3. Patient empowerment                                 
Ability to achieve appropriate self-care   1   1   1       1   1   1 1 1 1 1 1            11
Adoption of health-promoting behaviours                   1    1            2
4. Patient functional status                                 
Physical functional capacity   1   1 1 1 1 1   1   1     1 1 1 1 1 1   1   1   1      17
Cognitive and psychosocial functional capacity   1   1 1 1 1 1   1   1     1 1 1   1 1   1     1      15
Functional capacity (taken broadly)   1   1    1                          3
Recovery of initial health status          1              1      1      3
Nutritional status    1      1   1    1     1     1            6
5. Patient satisfaction                                 
Patient satisfaction/complaints 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1     1   1   1   1     1 1 1 1   1      17
6. Joint contribution of nursing with other care systems                                 
Hospital mortality         1 1    1           1    1 1 1 1 1    9
Readmissions    1 1         1         1      1   1      6
Length of stay 1    1    1 1     1         1   1    1   1      9
Other complications related to care interventions     1    1      1         1   1      1   1    7
Number of outcomes indicators 6 5 10 10 4 9 7 12 2 12 1 13 11 8 5 8 8 6 3 8 6 10 10 7 15 5 12 3 9 7 6