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Table 2 CHN identified learning needs (Learning need mean scores ≥0.5) compared to activity performance

From: Community health nurses’ learning needs in relation to the Canadian community health nursing standards of practice: results from a Canadian survey

Activity statements (Items) for each CCN standard Learning need1 Activity performed2
Mean (SD) n Mean (SD) n
Standard 1a: Health Promotion   
I use research findings.* 0.59 (0.95) 1249 3.52 (0.91) 1303
I address root causes of illness and disease. 0.50 (0.99) 1229 3.88 (0.95) 1265
I use social marketing strategies to shift social norms. 0.50 (1.00) 1192 2.40 (1.05) 1112
In partnership with stakeholders, I evaluate population health promotion programs systematically.* 0.53 (1.02) 1172 2.51 (1.16) 1066
Standard 1b: Prevention & Health Protection   
In a variety of contexts, including home, neighbourhood, workplace, school and street, I utilize harm reduction principals to reduce risk factors. 0.50 (0.98) 1206 3.91 (0.97) 1224
I engage in collaborative intersectoral partnerships to address prevention issues. 0.50 (0.97) 1194 3.27 (1.12) 1081
I evaluate collaborative practice (i.e., personal, team, and/or intersectoral) in achieving individual/community health outcomes. 0.50 (0.95) 1208 3.49 (1.08) 1228
I apply epidemiological principles in using strategies (such as, a) screening, b) surveillance, c) communicable disease response, d) outbreak management, and e) education).* 0.62 (1.02)1202 3.66 (1.10) 1114
Standard 1c: Health Maintenance, Restoration & Palliation   
I recognize trends in epidemiological data.* 0.75 (0.99) 1197 3.29 (1.03) 1100
I facilitate maintenance of health in response to significant emergencies that negatively impact upon the health of clients. 0.50 (0.97) 1196 3.80 (1.02) 1131
Standard 2: Building Individual and Community Capacity   
I use community development principles when I engage the individual/community in a consultative process.* 0.58 (0.98) 1188 3.71 (1.01) 1082
I use community development principles when I use empowering strategies (such as mutual goal setting, visioning, and facilitation). 0.50 (0.99) 1214 3.74 (0.98) 1185
I use community development principles when I use facilitation skills to support group development. 0.52 (1.00) 1182 3.41 (1.12) 1052
I use community development principles when I assist the group/community to marshal available resources to support taking action on their health issues.* 0.52 (0.98) 1175 3.30 (1.05) 1040
I use a comprehensive mix of community/population based strategies (such as coalition building, intersectoral partnerships, and networking) to address issues of concern to groups/populations.* 0.55 (1.01) 1167 3.02 (1.14) 992
I use principles of social justice to support those who are unable to take action for themselves.* 0.57 (0.99) 1215 3.54 (1.13) 1167
Standard 3: Building Relationships   
I am aware of culturally relevant communication in building relationships. 0.50 (1.02) 1246 4.29 (0.77) 1305
Standard 4: Facilitating Access and Equity   
I provide culturally relevant care in diverse communities. 0.50 (1.00) 1211 3.72 (1.03) 1192
To address service accessibility issues, I take action, based on evidence, with individuals/communities at the federal level. 0.50 (1.04) 1152 1.91 (1.15) 1000
I advocate for healthy public policy, by participating in legislative and policymaking activities that influence health determinants.* 0.54 (1.01) 1183 2.27 (1.14) 1094
Standard 5: Demonstrating Professional Responsibility and Accountability   
I use nursing informatics (i.e., information and communication technology) which includes generation, management, and processing of relevant data to support nursing practice.* 0.73 (0.96) 1250 3.67 (1.06) 1255
I use available resources to systematically evaluate community health nursing practice (e.g., availability, acceptability, quality, efficiency, and effectiveness). 0.53 (0.95) 1208 3.40 (1.05) 1188
  1. 1Learning need: “I need education related to this activity” Score range: -2 to +2.
  2. 2Activity Performed: “I perform the Stated Activity” Score range: 1 (Never) to 5 (Always).
  3. * 10 items with the highest learning need mean scores.