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Table 5 Differences in CHN learning needs by province/territory (means, standard deviations and F values)

From: Community health nurses’ learning needs in relation to the Canadian community health nursing standards of practice: results from a Canadian survey

Top 10 learning needs (mean >0.5) BC AB SK MB ON QC NB PEI NS NL TERR F
I recognize trends in epidemiology data. 0.71 (1.07) 0.70 (1.06) 0.74 (1.00) 0.69 (1.09) 0.79 (0.95) 0.49 (1.15) 0.78 (0.88) 1.05 (0.81) 0.78 (0.93) 0.88 (0.86) 0.97 (0.89) F = 1.83 (df 10, 1186) p = 0.0517*
I use nursing informatics (i.e., information and communication technology) which includes generation, management, and processing of relevant data to support nursing practice. 0.58 (1.01) 0.64 (0.93) 0.65 (1.03) 0.65 (0.96) 0.61 (1.02) 0.84 (0.96) 0.94 (0.84) 1.05 (0.82) 0.72 (0.95) 0.81 (0.95) 0.97 (0.78) F = 2.47 (df 10, 1239) p = 0.0063*
I apply epidemiological principles in using strategies such as, a) screening, b) surveillance, c) communicable disease response, d) outbreak management and e) education. 0.60 (1.07) 0.51 (1.04) 0.42 (1.09) 0.50 (1.11) 0.53 (1.04) 0.71 (0.96) 0.70 (1.10) 0.88 (0.84) 0.65 (0.94) 0.79 (0.87) 0.92 (0.81) F = 2.31 (df 10, 1191) p = 0.0108*
I use research findings. 0.46(1.00) 0.57 (0.88) 0.55 (1.01) 0.58 (0.91) 0.44 (1.01) 0.69 (0.97) 0.73 (0.92) 0.53 (0.88) 0.57 (0.89) 0.70 (0.95) 0.81 (0.93) F = 1.50 (df 10, 1238) p = 0.1348
I use community development principles when I engage the individual/community in a consultative process. 0.67(1.03) 0.51 (0.99) 0.34 (1.05) 0.69 (0.99) 0.52 (0.91) 0.52 (0.85) 0.58 (1.02) 0.90 (0.86) 0.51 (1.02) 0.61 (0.92) 0.93 (0.83) F = 2.68 (df 10, 1177) p = 0.0030*
I use principles of social justice to support those who are unable to take action for themselves. 0.67 (0.95) 0.52 (1.03) 0.46 (0.98) 0.47 (0.96) 0.56 (0.95) 0.50 (1.02) 0.59 (1.08) 0.72 (0.88) 0.52 (1.04) 0.66 (0.97) 0.81 (0.86) F = 1.18 (10, 1204) p = 0.2988
I use a comprehensive mix of community/population based strategies (such as coalition building, intersectoral partnerships, and networking) to address issues of concern to groups/populations. 0.56 (1.02) 0.46 (1.03) 0.41 (1.02) 0.66 (1.02) 0.49 (0.98) 0.39 (1.02) 0.64 (1.02) 0.65 (1.00) 0.49 (1.02) 0.66 (0.97) 0.89 (0.90) F = 1.94 (10, 1156) p = 0.0365*
I advocate for healthy public policy, by participating in legislative and policymaking activities that influence health determinants. 0.58 (1.02) 0.41 (1.03) 0.56 (0.97) 0.62 (1.00) 0.57 (0.96) 0.18 (1.02) 0.53 (1.04) 0.79 (0.97) 0.57 (1.02) 0.71 (0.99) 0.70 (0.94) F = 2.57 (df 10, 1172) p = 0.0044*
In partnership with stakeholders, I evaluate population health promotion programs systematically. 0.45 (0.97) 0.43 (1.10) 0.53 (1.06) 0.52 (1.07) 0.32 (1.06) 0.51 (0.92) 0.58 (1.01) 0.86 (0.87) 0.39 (1.04) 0.73 (0.93) 0.97 (0.84) F = 3.17 (df 10, 1161) p = 0.0005*
I use community development principles when I: d) assist the group/community to marshal available resources to support taking action on their health issues. 0.40 (1.04) 0.47 (1.01) 0.39 (1.01) 0.57 (1.04) 0.41 (0.95) 0.57 (0.85) 0.57 (1.01) 0.86 (0.84) 0.51 (1.02) 0.51 (0.92) 0.86 (0.86) F = 2.055 (df 2, 1164) p = 0.0254*
  1. *F value significant at p < 0.05. Bolded values indicate a higher learning need compared to at least one other group as identified through Tukey HSD pairwise comparisons of means, where HSD Test value > critical value.