|To what extent does long-term TPN affect the intestinal immune system of infants who undergo bowel resection with no enteral nutritional support?|
Were study patients pediatric age groups between newborn to 17 years old?|
Did study patients have intestinal resection prior to TPN given?
Did study patients have documented bacterial infection after TPN started?
Did study patients have documented impaired mucosal immunity after TPN started?
Did at least one study group received Intravenous (IV-TPN?|
Did study group received IV-TPN more than10 days?
|Control Intervention||Did one study group receive enteral feeding, but no IV-TPN?|
|Outcomes||Was one of the measured outcomes documented as bacterial translocation, villi atrophy, impaired immuno-function, and death?|