Skip to main content

Table 2 Sample characteristics and comparisons by waves

From: The relationships between depression and other outcomes of chronic illness caregiving

  Wave 1   Wave 2   
Measure n (236) % M(SD) n (271) % M(SD) p a
Hours of care        
   <20 hours 38 16.1   30 11.1   .45
   20–39 hours 28 11.9   39 14.4   
   40–79 hours 35 14.8   48 17.7   
   80–159 hours 35 14.8   42 15.5   
   ≥160 hours 100 42.4   112 41.3   
Stressful life events    .57 (.69)    .50 (.64) .13
Social support    7.65 (1.95)    7.91 (1.77) .12
Age, in years    53.56 (16.36)    53.41 (14.43) .91
Gender        
   Male 85 36.0   86 31.7   .31
   Female 151 64.0   185 68.3   
Perceived caregiver stress        
   Not at all stressful 46 19.5   57 21.0   .75
   Not too stressful 62 26.3   78 28.8   
   Somewhat stressful 77 32.6   76 28.0   
   Quite stressful 26 11.0   35 12.9   
   Very stressful 25 10.6   25 9.2   
Physical function        
1) Functional health        
   Most severe impairment 7 3.0   9 3.3   .87
   Moderately severe impairment 19 8.1   17 6.3   
   Least severe impairment 18 7.6   23 8.5   
   No impairment 192 81.4   222 81.9   
2) Number of chronic illnesses    1.26 (1.28)    1.37 (1.34) .36
3) Self-rated health        
   Excellent 34 14.4   42 15.5   .95
   Very good 88 37.3   95 35.1   
   Good 65 27.5   79 29.2   
   Fair 38 16.1   45 16.6   
   Poor 11 4.7   10 3.7   
Self-esteem    16.02 (3.11)    16.84 (2.86) .00
Marital satisfactionb    -0.12 (3.66)    0.05 (3.61) .67
Depression    16.00 (4.14)    15.15 (3.87) .02
  1. a Statistical significance is determined either by t-test or chi-square. b Score of marital satisfaction is standardized.