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Table 1 Examples of 3 levels of coding

From: A qualitative study of nursing student experiences of clinical practice

Level 1 codes (Meaning unit) Level 2 codes (categories) Level 3 codes (theme)
• Lack of confidence * Fear of failure  
• Lack of knowledge *Feeling incompetent Initial clinical
• Lack of confidence in the first day *Feeling under pressure Anxiety
  *Fear of facing the procedure  
• Being anxious about Starting clinical practice   
• Fear of hospital environment   
• First week anxiety   
• Fear of unknown in the first day