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Table 3 Univariate and multivariate associations between poor self-rated health, sociodemographic characteristics, health related behaviours and work related characteristics

From: Self-rated health, work characteristics and health related behaviours among nurses in Greece: a cross sectional study

   Univariate Multivariate§
Independent variable   OR (CI 95%) OR (CI 95%)
Gender Male 1 1
  Female 4.14 (2.04 to 8.41) ‡ 2.72 (1.16 to 6.38) *
Age per year 1.09 (1.04 to 1.13) ‡ 1.10 (0.99 to 1.22)
BMI per kg/m2 1.04 (0.98 to 1.09)  
Marital status Not married 1 1
  Married 2.18 (1.29 to 3.66) † 1.08 (0.54 to 2.11)
Education 2 year degree 1  
  3 or 4 year degree 0.72 (0.47 to 1.10)  
Exercise   0.42 (0.27 to 0.65) ‡ 0.28 (0.16 to 0.48) ‡
Smoking Currently Smoking 1  
  Quit Smoking 0.62 (0.32 to 1.22)  
  Never smoked 0.72 (0.45 to 1.14)  
Alcohol consumption Never 1  
  More than once a week 0.96 (0.48 to 1.96)  
  Once a week 0.86 (0.44 to 1.66)  
  Occasionally 1.28 (0.77 to 2.15)  
Red meat consumption   0.94 (0.76 to 1.15)  
White meat consumption   0.66 (0.49 to 0.88) † 0.63 (0.45 to 0.88) †
Effort to avoid fatty foods   2.23 (1.34 to 3.71) † 2.31 (1.23 to 4.37) †
Effort to include fibre in diet   1.14 (0.64 to 2.04)  
Average Sleep duration Per hour 0.73 (0.61 to 0.88) ‡ 0.83 (0.67 to 1.02)
Department Administration 1 1
  Intradepartmental 0.42 (0.13 to 1.35) 0.62 (0.17 to 2.29)
  Internal Medicine 0.54 (0.16 to 1.76) 1.03 (0.26 to 4.00)
  Surgical 0.29 (0.08 to 0.97) * 0.59 (0.15 to 2.36)
Position Nurse Manager 1  
  Staff nurse 0.72 (0.37 to 1.41)  
  Charge nurse 0.69 (0.27 to 1.76)  
Total years working Per year 1.09 (1.05 to 1.13) ‡ 0.99 (0.91 to 1.08)
Shift work   0.51 (0.29 to 0.89) † 1.18 (0.56 to 2.50)
  1. OR = odds ratio, CI = confidence interval
  2. * p < 0.05, † p < 0.01, ‡ p < 0.001
  3. §Also adjusted for hospital (not shown)