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Table 4 Univariate and Multivariate associations between poor self-rated health, sociodemographic characteristics, health related behaviours and work related characteristics in men and women

From: Self-rated health, work characteristics and health related behaviours among nurses in Greece: a cross sectional study

Independent variable   WOMEN MEN§
   Univariate Analysis Multivariate Analysis Univariate
   OR (CI 95%) OR (CI 95%) OR (CI 95%)
Age per year 1.07 (1.03 to 1.13)‡ 1.04 (0.94 to 1.16) 1.36 (1.05 to 1.75)*
BMI per kg/m2 1.10 (1.03 to 1.18)† 1.07 (0.98 to 1.17) 1.03 (0.88 to 1.19)
Marital status Not married 1 1 1
  Married 2.24 (1.27 to 3.93)† 1.35 (0.67 to 2.73) 1.29 (0.28 to 5.89)
Education 2 year degree 1   1
  3 or 4 year degree 0.76 (0.47 to 1.20)   0.26 (0.06 to 1.14)
Exercise   0.42 (0.26 to 0.67)* 0.38 (0.22 to 0.67)† 0.70 (0.18 to 2.77)
Smoking Currently Smoking 1 1 1
  Quit Smoking 0.47 (0.23 to 0.99)* 0.50 (0.21 to 1.18) 3.40 (0.52 to 22.41)
  Never smoked 0.61 (0.37 to 1.00) 0.56 (0.32 to 0.99)* 1.36 (0.29 to 6.28)
Alcohol consumption Never 1   1
  More than once a week 2.59 (0.96 to 7.03)   0.24 (0.30 to 1.87)
  Once a week 1.15 (0.56 to 2.33)   0.95 (0.01 to 1.49)
  Occasionally 1.43 (0.84 to 2.43)   0.28 (0.30 to 2.69)
Red meat consumption   1.00 (0.81 to 1.26   0.61 (0.28 to 1.35)
White meat consumption   0.65 (0.47 to 0.88)† 0.66 (0.46 to 0.94)* 0.57 (0.23 to 1.40)
Effort to avoid fatty foods   2.07 (1.18 to 3.61)† 2.43 (1.24 to 4.77)† 2.00 (0.45 to 8.94)
Effort to include fibre in diet   1.07 (0.56 to 2.04)   1.25 (0.22 to 7.28)
Average Sleep duration Per hour 0.73 (0.61 to 0.88)† 0.79 (0.65 to 0.98)* 0.77 (0.35 to 1.71)
Department Administration 1   1
  Intradepartmental 0.50 (0.15 to 1.64)   1.92 (0.18 to 20.81)
  Internal Medicine 0.35 (0.10 to 1.18)   
  Surgical 0.61 (0.18 to 2.00)   2.50 (0.24 to 26.47)
Position Nurse Manager 1   
  Staff nurse 0.79 (0.40 to 1.59)   
  Charge nurse 0.82 (0.31 to 2.19)   
Total years working Per year 1.07 (1.03 to 1.11)† 1.00 (0.91 to 1.09) 1.44 (1.08 to 1.93)†
Shift work   0.59 (0.34 to 1.02)   
  1. OR = odds ratio, CI = confidence interval
  2. * p < 0.05, † p < 0.01, ‡ p < 0.001
  3. §Since only 42 men were included in our sample, to avoid overfitting, multivariate analysis was considered not appropriate.