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Table 4 Coping strategies in patients with UCP. The most frequency items, and items with gender differences.

From: Coping strategies, stress, physical activity and sleep in patients with unexplained chest pain

  Men (n = 101) Women (n = 78)  
  % (n) % (n) p-value
CONFRONTIVE COPING (13 itemsa)      
Most frequent b      
Think through different ways to manage the situation 92 (91) 100 (72) 0.01
Try to keep the situation under control 95 (92) 93 (65) 0.59
Actively try to change the situation 88 (85) 96 (66) 0.11
Try to look at the problems objectively and see all sides 87 (84) 92 (65) 0.31
Try out different ways of solving the problems 84 (82) 94 (65) 0.05
Try to find out more about the situation 79 (77) 91 (63) 0.04
Significant gender differences b      
Seek support from family or friends 66 (65) 86 (63) 0.002
EMOTIVE COPING (9 itemsa)      
Most frequent b      
Worry 95 (94) 100 (75) 0.05
Get nervous 77 (76) 96 (70) 0.001
Take off by myself, want to be alone 72 (71) 84 (62) 0.06
Significant gender differences b      
Get angry 50 (50) 72 (52) 0.004
Eat, smoke, chew gum 49 (49) 68 (50) 0.02
PALLIATIVE COPING (14 itemsa)      
Most frequent b      
Hope for improvement 93 (92) 96 (71) 0.40
Accept the situation as it is 90 (88) 90 (61) 0.98
Try to put the problems out of my mind 90 (89) 94 (69) 0.27
Laugh it off and think things could have been worse 85 (83) 90 (65) 0.28
Settle for the next best thing to what I really want 74 (72) 80 (55) 0.41
Significant gender differences b      
Resign because things look hopeless 50 (49) 71 (49) 0.01
Pray and trust in God 34 (34) 44 (32) 0.20
Resign because it is fate 34 (33) 47 (32) 0.08
OTHER (4 itemsa)      
Cryb 30 (30) 81 (60) <0.0001
Drink alcoholb 44 (43) 38 (28) 0.43
Meditate, use yoga or other relaxationb 20 (19) 40 (28) 0.004
Take medication to reduce tensionb 18 (18) 19 (14) 0.86
  1. aResponse alternatives: Never, Sometimes, Often, Almost always
  2. bSometimes, Often or almost always