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Table 6 Univariate and multivariate relationships between emotive coping strategies and psychosocial variables in patients with UCP (n = 179).

From: Coping strategies, stress, physical activity and sleep in patients with unexplained chest pain

  Emotive coping
  Univariate Multivariatea
Variables OR (95% CI) p-value OR (95% CI) p-value
Sex (female) 4.07 (1.12–14.79) 0.03 3.39 (1.01–11.40) 0.005
Age 0.94 (0.90–0.99) 0.02 0.93 (0.88–0.97) 0.004
Single (0–1) 1.17 (0.28–4.93) 0.83    
University education (0–1) 0.34 (0.07–1.63) 0.17    
Immigrants (0–1) 0.31 (0.08–1.19) 0.08    
Physical activity (1–4) 0.08 (0.04–0.21) <0.0001 0.13 (0.06–0.32) <0.0001
Sleep problems (0–20) 1.35 (1.20–1.51) <0.0001 1.25 (1.11–1.42) 0.0002
Mental strain at work (2–10) 2.00 (1.48–2.70) <0.0001 1.44 (1.08–1.91) 0.005
Stress at home (0–5) 2.17 (1.43–3.29) 0.0003 1.15 (0.74–1.77) 0.89
Life events (0–30) 1.29 (1.12–1.49) 0.0006 1.21 (1.04–1.41) 0.01
  1. aOnly significant (p < 0.05) variables in the unvariate analysis are included.