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Table 4 Comparison of massage group and control group for both Spielberger STAI scores and changes in STAI score from baseline, at post treatment assessments.

From: A randomised controlled trial to assess the effectiveness of a single session of nurse administered massage for short term relief of chronic non-malignant pain

Time point Massage group Control group p-value
  Mean sd n Mean Sd N  
Baseline score 13.3 4.16 50 12.0 4.15 47 0.139 NS
Immediately post treatment score 9.72 3.43 47 12.2 5.15 47  
Change from baseline 3.57 3.02 47 0.00 3.39 44 0.000
1 hour post treatment score 10.5 3.90 50 12.8 5.06 47  
Change from baseline 2.74 3.10 50 -0.28 3.43 43 0.000