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Table 3 Differences between types of informal caregivers' needs for additional professional support (Number (%)).

From: Informal caregivers of persons with dementia, their use of and needs for specific professional support: a survey of the National Dementia Programme

Needs for additional professional help Spouses
N = 490
Sons/Daughters (in- law)
n = 372
p value Living at home
n = 631
Living in a nursing home or home for the elderly
n = 299
Total
N = 984
p value
Advice        
I need to learn what to do when the person I am caring for is frightened, angry or confused 115
(23.3)
133
(35.8)
0.001* 182
(28.8)
86
(28.8)
282
(28.8)
0.997
I need to know how to deal with the apathy of the person I am caring for 98
(19.8)
69
(18.6)
0.287 133
(21.0)
38
(12.7)
182
(18.4)
0.002*
I need to learn how to cope with changes in the behavior of the person I am caring for 83
(16.8)
83
(22.3)
0.186 130
(20.5)
43
(14.4)
186
(18.6)
0.024*
I need to learn how to deal with the aggression of the person I am caring for 66
(13.4)
56
(15.1)
0.755 83
(13.1)
43
(14.4)
138
(13.5)
0.597
I need to know which activities I can undertake with the person I am caring for 66
(13.4)
46
(12.4)
0.894 88
(13.9)
26
(8.7)
124
(12.2)
0.024*
Information        
I need more information about the professional help and support available in the region 90
(18.2)
81
(21.8)
0.093 150
(23.7)
23
(7.7)
183
(18.6)
0.000*
I need information about the progression of dementia 68
(13.8)
79
(21.2)
0.014* 117
(18.5)
44
(14.7)
167
(17.3)
0.156
I need information about the legal amends in case of admission of the person with dementia to a nursing home or home for the elderly 100
(20.2)
41
(11.0)
0.002* 131
(20.7)
16
(5.4)
155
(15.8)
0.000*
Coordination of dementia care        
I want professional caregivers to work together and to tailor the care 62
(12.6)
75
(20.2)
0.005* 104
(16.4)
43
(14.4)
156
(15.8)
0.432
I want to reflect the professional care from time to time with professional caregivers 56
(11.3)
67
(18.0)
0.050* 89
(14.1)
44
(14.7)
139
(14.3)
0.789
Emotional support        
I need someone to take away the feeling that I am the only one to look after the person with dementia 85
(17.2)
38
(10.2)
0.024* 95
(15.0)
32
(10.7)
135
(13.6)
0.074
I need someone to look after the person with dementia now and then 74
(15.0)
44
(11.8)
0.399 109
(17.2)
10
(3.3)
129
(12.8)
0.000*
I need emotional support 81
(16.4)
38
(10.2)
0.016* 87
(13.8)
34
(11.4)
129 (13.0) 0.314
  1. *Differences between the scores of 'spouses' and 'sons/daughters (in-law)'versus differences between 'living at home' and 'living in a nursing home or home for the elderly' are statistically significant (Chi-square test, p < 0.05).