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Table 5 Perceptions of roles and responsibilities and confidence in performing (Pre-implementation n = 88; post-implementation n = 69)

From: Knowledge, attitudes, beliefs and behaviour intentions for three bowel management practices in intensive care: effects of a targeted protocol implementation for nursing and medical staff

Behaviour Item stem Response option group Pre Post  
    n (%) n (%) Test statistics
Bowel assessment How often should intensive care patients have their bowel function assessed? Once, on admission   1(1)  
  On admission, and at least once every 8 hours 51(58) 32(46)  
  On day 3 of admission 4(4) 6(9)  
  Other 33(38) 27(39)  
  Who performs bowel assessment Nurse 66(75) 46(66)  
  Doctor 11(12)   
  ICU Team N/A 16(23)  
  Who is responsible for bowel assessment Nurse 71(81) 44(64)  
  Doctor 7(8) 4(6)  
  ICU Team N/A 16(23)  
PR exam Who is responsible for PR Nurse 69(78) 53(77)  
  Doctor 12(14) 4(6)  
  ICU Team N/A 7(10)  
  Who decides to do a PR Nurse 46(52) 37(54)  
  Doctor 22(25) 8(12)  
  ICU Team N/A 18(26)  
  Who should decide to do PR Nurse 50(57) 39(56)  
  Doctor 17(19) 5(7)  
  ICU Team N/A 19(28)  
Administration of enema Who is responsible for administering enema Nurse 87(99) 62(90)  
Doctor   1(1)  
  ICU Team N/A 1(1)  
  Who is responsible for prescribing enema Nurse 18(20) 19(27)  
  Doctor 53(60) 26(38)  
  ICU Team N/A 17(27.4)  
  Who is responsible for nurse initiating enema Nurse 72(82) 55(80)  
  Doctor 4(5) 2(3)  
  ICU Team N/A 6(9)  
  Who should decide enema Nurse 36(41) 24(35)  
  Doctor 31(35) 13(19)  
  ICU Team N/A 27(39)  
Confidence in performing Mean (SD) Mean (SD)  
I feel confident in deciding when it is appropriate to perform a PR exam on an intensive care patient# [n = 88] 5.58 (1.68) [n = 69] 5.79 (1.31) t = −0.866, df = 151.78, p = 0.388
I feel confident in choosing the correct enema or suppository to prescribe/nurse initiate dependant on the results of a PR exam# [n = 88] 4.97 (1.78) [n = 69] 5.59 (1.34) t = −2.486, df = 152.0, p = 0.014
  1. Where totals do not equal 100%, data were missing; Relevant denominator shown [n = x]; #Based on a possible range of 1–7 with higher scores indicating a more positive response.