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Table 3 Frequency and percentage distribution of the nurses’ knowledge on prevention of pressure ulcer (N= 248) in Gondar University Hospital, Northwest Ethiopia, 2014

From: Knowledge and practice of nurses towards prevention of pressure ulcer and associated factors in Gondar University Hospital, Northwest Ethiopia

Nurses knowledge regarding to pressure ulcer Rate of nurse’s knowledge
Correct Incorrect
n % n %
1. High loading pressure is the contributing factor for pressure ulcer formation 175 70.6 73 29.4
2. Immobility is the most important factor for pressure ulcer Formation in an 80- years old man with fracture hip and bedridden 158 63.7 90 36.3
3. Feces is the favorable environment for bacterial growth in the form of maceration for a young man having head injury with unconsciousness 184 74.2 64 25.8
4. Low albumin is the critical determinant for pressure ulcer formation 196 79.0 52 21.0
5. Head to toe skin assessment is an assessment procedure for a patient with spinal cord injury who is at high risk for pressure ulcer development 150 60.5 98 39.5
6. Braden scale is the risk assessment scale for pressure ulcer development 138 55.6 110 44.4
7. Risk assessment scale is an appropriate method for assessing an individual who is at risk for pressure ulcer development 125 50.4 123 49.6
8. Partial skin loss with blister and abrasion is correct answer for the sign of stage II pressure ulcer 199 80.2 49 19.8
9. Pale , red , or blue – gray discoloration on the skin is the sign for pressure ulcer development 97 39.1 151 60.9
10. Topical cream is appropriate method for skin care 40 16.1 208 83.9
11. Turn position for every 2 hours is significant activity for protecting skin damage 194 78.2 54 21.8
12. Cleansing soil and using skin barrier cream or lotion activity is appropriate for preventing maceration for a 78 – years old man having a stroke with hemiplegic 147 59.3 101 40.7
13. Lift up the patient without dragging is a correct practice for maintaining skin integrity 96 38.7 152 61.3
14. Use pillow under the patients leg to prevent heel ulcer 69 27.8 179 72.2
15. Vitamin C and E is important to maintain healthy skin 194 78.2 54 21.8
16. High protein and high calorie needs to be offered to a 85- years Old bedridden patient who has BMI < 18.5 167 67.3 81 32.7
17. Serum albumin is an appropriate lab test for nutritional assessment of pressure ulcer patient 159 64.1 89 35.9
18. Turn position is an appropriate nursing care for managing mechanical load 159 64.1 89 35.9
19. Lift patient without dragging is appropriate activity to reduce friction for an 80- years old man having fracture hip with skeletal traction 160 64.5 88 35.5
20. Elevate the head of bed < 300 is the activity for reducing shearing force 66 26.6 182 73.4
21. Schedule of Turing position is necessary educational Information for reducing pressure ulcer formation 168 67.7 80 32.3
22. In- service training on pressure ulcer prevention is the best Educational activity that enhances competency of staff nurses in preventing pressure ulcer 133 53.6 115 46.4