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Table 3 Risk factors for chronic disease for the Australian population [6]

From: The health and health behaviours of Australian metropolitan nurses: an exploratory study

Risk factor (n = 342) N %a
Daily smoking 25 7.3
Risky alcohol intake (≥5 drinks/day >1/month) 123 34.7
Overweight/obese (BMI > 25 kg/m2) 129 44.0
Current high blood pressure (systolic blood pressure of ≥ 135 mmHg or ≥ 130 mmHg in the presence of diabetes or diastolic blood pressure of ≥ 90 mmHg or ≥ 80 mmHg in the presence of diabetes) 26 9.5
Waist circumference at risk (>80 cm for females and > 94 cm for males) 132 50.9
Physical activity insufficient (<150 min/week of moderate/vigorous activity) 69 20.0
Saturated fat intake risky (consumption of full fat milk) 93 25.1
Fruit intake insufficient (<2 or more pieces/day) 274 80.1
Vegetable intake insufficient (<5 or more serves/day) 317 92.6
Cumulative risk score (potential 0–9), mean, SD 3.87 1.35
Median 4, range 0–7, 25 % 3, 75 % 5
  1. apercentages vary to missing values