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Table 4 Associations of anticipated Pt > 1 year at baseline and realized Pt > 1 year with characteristics of the care situation at baseline; mean (SD) or %

From: The perseverance time of informal carers for people with dementia: results of a two-year longitudinal follow-up study

Characteristic Anticipated Pt > 1 year Realized Pt > 1 year
  No (n = 80) Yes (n = 118) p No (n = 60) Yes (n = 58) p
Patients
 Age (years) 82.0 (5.6) 80.9 (7.1) n.s. 82.0 (7.2) 79.8 (6.0) *
 Gender (% female) 36 (45.0) 69 (58.5) ** 36 (60.0) 33 (56.9) n.s.
 Marital status (% single) 25 (31.3) 47 (39.8) n.s. 27 (45.0) 20 (34.5) n.s.
 Lives alone (% yes) 23 (28.7) 42 (35.6) n.s. 24 (40.0) 18 (31.0) n.s.
 Health status (VAS 0–10) 5.5 (2.0) 6.0 (1.8) ** 6.1 (1.9) 6.0 (1.7) n.s.
 Co-morbidity (% yes) 65 (81.2) 90 (76.3) n.s. 42 (70.0) 48 (82.8) *
 Needs constant supervision (% yes) 22 (27.5) 23 (19.5) n.s. 16 (26.7) 7 (12.1) **
 Care dependence (VAS 0–10) 7.5 (2.5) 6.7 (2.3) ** 7.2 (2.3) 6.2 (2.3) **
Informal carers
 Age (years) 68.8 (12.0) 65.1 (13.3) ** 62.9 (13.4) 67.3 (13.0) *
 Gender (% female) 60 (75.0) 73 (61.9) ** 39 (65.0) 34 (58.6) n.s.
 Marital status (% single) 15 (18.8) 18 (15.3) n.s. 7 (11.7) 11 (19.0) n.s.
 Children at home (% yes) 5 (6.2) 14 (11.9) n.s. 7 (11.7) 7 (12.1) n.s.
 Education level (% high) 21 (26.3) 33 (28.0) n.s. 17 (28.3) 16 (27.6) n.s.
 Employed (% yes) 18 (22.5) 39 (33.1) * 25 (41.7) 14 (24.1) **
 Health status (VAS 0–10) 6.9 (1.7) 7.6 (1.4) *** 7.7 (1.5) 7.5 (1.4) n.s.
 Well-being (VAS 0–10) 5.9 (2.0) 6.7 (1.5) *** 6.7 (1.5) 6.7 (1.5) n.s.
Relationship  
 Care recipient is partner (% yes) 52 (65.0) 57 (48.3) ** 23 (38.3) 34 (58.6) **
 Care recipient is parent (in-law) (% yes) 23 (28.7) 51 (43.2) ** 31 (51.7) 20 (34.5) **
 Co-residents (% yes) 54 (67.5) 62 (52.5) ** 26 (43.3) 36 (62.1) **
Objective burden  
 Duration of caregiving (years) 3.4 (1.8) 3.1 (2.0) n.s. 4.0 (2.0) 4.8 (2.1) n.s.
 Intensity of caregiving (in days per week) 5.5 (2.4) 4.4 (2.8) *** 4.1 (2.8) 4.9 (2.8) n.s.
(in hours per week) 44.7 (40.8) 34.5 (41.7) * 35.5 (43.6) 33.4 (40.0) n.s.
 Formal care at home (% yes) 59 (73.8) 87 (73.7) n.s. 47 (78.3) 40 (69.0) n.s.
 Support by other informal carers (% yes) 44 (55.0) 64 (54.2) n.s. 36 (60.0) 28 (48.3) n.s.
 Adjustments: - Adjusted working hours (if applicablea) 27 (33.3) 24 (20.5) n.s. 19 (32.0) 0 (0.0) **
- Reduced volunteer work (if applicableb) 31 (38.9) 49 (41.9) n.s. 27 (44.4) 22 (38.5) n.s.
- Abandoned hobbies (if applicablec) 45 (56.5) 37 (31.3) *** 20 (33.3) 17 (29.2) n.s.
Subjective burden  
 Caregiver Strain Index 9.3 (2.6) 7.0 (2.9) *** 7.4 (2.6) 6.5 (3.1) n.s.
 Self-Rated Burden 7.4 (1.5) 5.0 (2.0) *** 5.1 (1.8) 4.9 (2.2) n.s.
  1. aNumber of respondents employed: n = 18/39/14/25, respectively
  2. bNumber of respondents doing volunteer work: n = 18/31/13/18, respectively
  3. cNumber of respondents with a hobby: n = 69/99/48/51, respectively *p < 0.10
  4. **p < 0.05
  5. ***p < 0.01; n.s. = not significant