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Table 5 Multivariable analysis on the association of preterm and post term birth on neonatal mortality in Tigray, northern Ethiopia

From: Pre-term and post-term births: predictors and implications on neonatal mortality in Northern Ethiopia

Characteristics (RR,CI) P-value (ARRa,CI) p-value
Residence
 Rural ref ref   
 Urban 0.39, 0.24–0.62 <0.001   
Preterm
 Yes 7.06, 4.55–10.94 <0.001 2.45, 1.45–4.04 <0.001
 No ref    
Post term
 Yes 0.23, 0.03–1.64 0.14 0.45, 0.07–2.96 0.412
 No ref    
Term
 Yes 0.24, 0.15–0.39 <0.001   
 No ref    
Neonate out
 Yes ref ref   
 No 5.68,3.53–9.16 <0.001   
History of abortion
 Yes ref    
 No 0.49, 0.29–0.81 0.007 0.47, 0.33–0.67 <0.001
History of still birth
 Yes ref    
 No 0.29, 0.17–0.49 0.006 0.38, 0.29–0.51 <0.001
Birth weight
 Low birth 10.5,4.24–25.9 <0.001 5.17,1.94–13.78 <0.001
 Normal 1.19,0.46–3.04 0.715 1.09,0.43–2.80 0.844
 Overweight ref ref   
Number of children
 Primiparae ref ref   
 2–4 children 0.7,0.40–1.23 0.206 0.81,0.82–0.82 <0.001
 Multiple (≥5) 2.36,1.35–4.12 0.022 1.92,1.48–2.62 <0.001
  1. a ARR Adjusted Relative Risk