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Table 6 Incremental distribution of LoS in patients by ASA grade (1–3)

From: Evaluation of person-centred care after hip replacement-a controlled before and after study on the effects of fear of movement and self-efficacy compared to standard care

Control Group N = 138
  LoS ≤ 5 days LoS 6–9 days LoS ≥ 10 days
 ASA grade 1 n = 37 26 (70 %) 9 (24 %) 2 (5 %)
 ASA grade 2 n = 83 45 (54 %) 27 (35 %) 11 (13 %)
 ASA grade 3 n = 18 4 (22 %) 6 (33 %) 8 (44 %)
Intervention group N = 107 a
 ASA grade 1 n = 21 14 (67 %) 7 (33 %) 0
 ASA grade 2 n = 61 35 (57 %) 22 (36 %) 4 (7 %)
 ASA grade 3 n = 25 18 (72 %) 2 (28 %) 0
Overall LoS for patients with ASA grade 1
  Mean LoS SD Range Diff Age \( \overset{\hbox{--} }{\mathrm{x}} \) (Median) 95 % CI P-value
 Control Group n = 37 5.65 2.97 18 days 0.84 57 (58) −0.58 2.26 0.28
 gPCC Group n = 21 4.81 1.72 9 days 67 (64)
Overall LoS for patients with ASA grade 2
  Mean LoS SD Range Diff Age \( \overset{\hbox{--} }{\mathrm{x}} \) (Median) 95 % CI P-value
 Control Group n = 83 6.65 3.81 25 days 0.81 67 (67) −0.3 1.93 0.15
 gPCC Group n = 61 5.84 2.52 13 days 76 (78)
Overall LoS for patients with ASA grade 3b
  Mean LoS SD Range Diff Age \( \overset{\hbox{--} }{\mathrm{x}} \) (Median) 95 % CI P-value
 Control Group n = 18 11.50 9.36 40 days 6.78 73 (73) 2.94 10.62 0.001
 gPCC Group n = 25 4.72 1.57 7 days 69 (71)
  1. aThere were 21 missing values in the intervention group because the ASA grade was not documented in these patients’ journals or on the anaesthesia form
  2. An analysis of the missing patients’ characteristics did not show any significant differences compared with the other patients in the intervention group. Age range, 46–86 years; mean, 68 years LoS range, 2–8 days; mean, 4.3 days; SD, 1.6
  3. bA correlation was found between GSES and LoS in the control group (p = 0,000)
  4. LoS length of stay, ASA, American society of Anaesthesiologists’ classification system, gPCC Gothenburg person-centred care, SD standard deviation