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Table 4 Univariate and multivariate factors associated with exclusive breastfeeding knowledge among the health workers

From: Predictors of knowledge and practice of exclusive breastfeeding among health workers in Mwanza city, northwest Tanzania

Variables (n = 220) Level of knowledgea Univariate analysis Multivariate analysisb
Desirable (n, %) Undesirable (n, %) OR [95% CI] p-value OR [95% CI] p-value
Sex
 Male 20 (51.3) 19 (48.7) 1    
 Female 94 (51.9) 87 (48.1) 1.0 [0.5–2.1] 0.941 1.1 [0.5–2.7] 0.784
Age
  > 40 years 40 (46.5) 46 (53.5) 1    
  ≤ 40 years 74 (55.2) 60 (44.8) 1.4 [0.8–2.4] 0.208 1.4 [0.8–2.6] 0.253
Hospital level
 Disp/HC 26 (36.1) 46 (63.9) 1    
 Hospital 88 (59.5) 60 (40.5) 2.6 [1.4–4.6] 0.001 2.1 [1.1–4.0] 0.032
Cadre (n = 220)
 Nurses 83 (53.2) 73 (46.8) 1    
 CO/AMO 7 (29.2) 17 (70.8) 0.4 [0.1–0.9] 0.033 0.4 [0.1–1.2] 0.093
 Doctors 24 (60.0) 16 (40.0) 1.3 [0.7–2.7] 0.442 0.9 [0.4–2.2] 0.849
Years since profession training
  > 3 years 62 (47.0) 70 (53.0) 1    
  ≤ 3 years 52 (59.1) 36 (40.9) 1.6 [0.9–2.8] 0.079 1.8 [1.0–3.3] 0.062
Job Training (n = 220)
 No 88 (48.1) 95 (51.9) 1    
 Yes 26 (70.3) 11 (29.7) 2.6 [1.2–5.5] 0.016 2.7 [1.2–6.1] 0.015
  1. aDesirable knowledge was determines by scoring 8 or more of the 17 knowledge questions, whereas undesirable was scoring than 8 questions. bVariables controlled were: sex, age, facility level, cadre, and years since professional training and breastfeeding on the job training. Multivariate analysis age, sex and health facility levels were controlled as potential confounders