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Table 5 Univariate and multivariate factors associated with desirable exclusive breastfeeding practices of the health workers

From: Predictors of knowledge and practice of exclusive breastfeeding among health workers in Mwanza city, northwest Tanzania

Participants’ variable (n = 106) Demonstrating breastfeedinga Univariate analysis Multivariate analysisb
  Desirable
(n, %)
Undesirable
(n, %)
OR [95% CI] p-value OR [95% CI] p-value
Sex
 Male 8 (52.1) 6 (42.9) 1    
 Female 32 (34.8) 60 (65.2) 0.4 [0.1–1.3] 0.116 0.7 [0.2–2.9] 0.649
Age       
  > 40 years 20 (33.3) 40 (66.7) 1    
  ≤ 40 years 20 (43.5) 26 (56.5) 1.7 [0.8–3.8] 0.195 1.1 [0.4–2.8] 0.84
Hospital level
 Disp/HC 19 (48.7) 20 (51.3) 1    
 Hospital 21 (31.3) 46 (68.7) 0.5 [0.2–1.1] 0.077 0.4 [0.2–1.1] 0.084
Cadre (n = 106)       
 Nurses 24 (29.6) 57 (70.4) 1    
 Clinicians 16 (64.0) 9 (36.0) 4.2 [1.6–10.9] 0.003 3.6 [1.2–10.8] 0.020
Years since profession training
  > 3 years 20 (33.3) 40 (66.7) 1    
  ≤ 3 years 20 (43.5) 26 (56.5) 1.5 [0.7–3.4] 0.287 1.4 [0.6–3.4] 0.477
Job Training       
 No 33 (37.1) 56 (62.9) 1    
 Yes 7 (41.2) 10 (58.8) 1.2 [0.4–3.4] 0.75 2.7 [0.5–6.0] 0.339
  1. adesirable practical skills was determines by the health workers scoring 51 or more grade on the likert scale of 23 items checklist, whereas undesirable was scorimng less than 51 grades. bVariables controlled were: sex, age, facility level, cadre, and years since professional training and breastfeeding on the job training. Multivariate analysis was controlled for age and sex as potential confounders