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Table 2 Multilevel regression models: associations between shift length and outcomes

From: Cross-sectional examination of the association between shift length and hospital nurses job satisfaction and nurse reported quality measures

  ≤8 h shift (reference category) 8.01–10.00 h 10.01–11.99 h ≥12 h
Poor Quality of Nursing Care 1.00 1.21 (0.82–1.80) 1.43 (0.96–2.11) 1.64* (1.18–2.28)
Poor Patient Safety 1.00 1.00 (0.56–1.77) 0.99 (0.56–1.75) 1.17 (0.73–1.89)
Care Left Undone 1.00 0.97 (0.90–1.04) 1.05 (0.97–1.14) 1.13* (1.06–1.20)
Not satisfied with job 1.00 1.31 (0.97–1.77) 1.33 (0.98–1.80) 1.51* (1.17–1.95)
Not satisfied with work schedule 1.00 1.08 (0.78–1.51) 0.91 (0.64–1.28) 1.22 (0.92–1.61)
  1. Controlling for: working beyond contracted hours, day/night shift, medical or surgical unit, patients per nurse (grouped in patient increments of two), patients per HCA (Quintiles), full or part-time work, age (in ten year bands), Trust size, high (or not) technology trust, teaching (or non-teaching) trust
  2. Odds ratios (95% confidence interval); for the outcome Care left undone a rate ratio (RR) is provided instead
  3. * Statistical significance p <0.01