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Table 4 Mixed models repeated measures of vitality among women with a history of long-term sick leave

From: Importance of social capital at the workplace for return to work among women with a history of long-term sick leave: a cohort study

Models/Explanatory Variables Vitality (0–100)    Difference between
groups 1 and 2
Difference between
groups 2 and 3
     Over time Over time
LSM (SE)a LSM (SE)a LSM (SE)a LSM (SE)a Estimate (SE) Estimate (SE)
Groups Baseline 6 months 1 year 6 years p-value p-value
Social support
Help and support from immediate superiors and colleagues
   1. Often 47.4 (1.7) 47.4 (2.1) 47.1 (2.1) 54.5 (2.2) 15.8 (2.7) na
   2. Rarely 38.7 (1.6) 41.4 (2.0) 43.9 (2.1) 47.5 (2.1) <0.001  
Sense of community
Co-operation between colleagues
   1. High 46.5 (1.4) 46.2 (1.6) 47.2 (1.6) 49.8 (1.7) 17.7 (2.7) na
   2. Low 32.0 (2.2) 40.2 (2.6) 38.0 (2.9) 52.0 (2.5) <0.001  
Quality of leadership
Immediate superiors good at solving conflicts
   1. Good 55.0 (5.3) 47.6 (7.0) 54.7 (7.0) 53.8 (6.4) 19.3 (7.0) 18.3 (3.4)
   2. Moderate 42.2 (1.4) 45.7 (1.6) 44.5 (1.7) 52.8 (1.7) 0.006 <0.001
   3. Poor 34.5 (2.9) 36.4 (3.4) 39.8 (3.5) 38.3 (3.1)   
Immediate superiors give high priority to job satisfaction
   1. High 46.4 (4.2) 44.7 (5.0) 54.2 (4.8) 56.0 (5.3) 23.6 (6.2) 20.3 (3.6)
   2. Moderate 43.5 (1.4) 46.3 (1.6) 44.0 (1.7) 52.7 (1.7) <0.001 <0.001
   3. Low 32.4 (3.1) 34.5 (3.3) 41.3 (3.5) 38.4 (3.5)   
  1. aLeast squares mean (standard error)
  2. na not applicable