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Table 3 Baseline characteristics of participants

From: "Teaching: Individual" to increase adherence to therapeutic regimen in people with hypertension and type-2 diabetes: protocol of the controlled clinical trial ENURSIN.

Characteristics Total (n = 200) Study Group p-value
Teaching: Individual (n = 98) Usual Care (n = 102)
Sociodemographic
 Age (years) 62.8 ± 11.1 62.8 ± 11.6 62.7 ± 10.7 0.948
 Sex
  Women 146 (73.00) 72 (73.47) 74 (72.55) 0.883
  Men 54 (27.00) 26 (26.53) 28 (27.45)
 Marital status
  Married/living in a free union 98 (49.00) 50 (51.02) 48 (47.06) 0.950
  Divorced 19 (9.50) 9 (9.18) 10 (9.80)
  Single 48 (24.00) 23 (23.47) 25 (24.51)
  Widowers 35 (17.50) 16 (16.33) 19 (18.63)
 Socioeconomic status
  Low 174 (87.00) 84 (85.71) 90 (88.24) 0.596
  Medium 26 (13.00) 14 (14.29) 12 (11.76)
 Year of schooling 5 (2–5) 4 (2–5) 5 (2–5) 0.443
 Occupation
  Unemployed 22 (11.00) 9 (9.18) 13 (12.75) 0.455
  Employees 13 (6.50) 4 (4.08) 9 (8.82)
  Housewives 117 (58.50) 60 (61.22) 57 (55.88)
  Independent 47 (23.50) 24 (24.49) 23 (22.55)
  Pensioners 1 (0.50) 1 (1.02) 0 (0.00)
Clinics
 Diseases
  Type 2 diabetes 24 (12.00) 11 (11.22) 13 (12.75) 0.944
  Hypertension 125 (62.50) 62 (63.27) 63 (61.76)
  Hypertension/Type 2 diabetes 51 (25.50) 25 (25.51) 26 (25.49)
Charlson index (points) 1 (0–1) 1 (0–1) 1 (0–1) 0.913
Tobacco consumption in the last year 12 (6.15) 6 (6.25) 6 (6.06) 0.956
Body mass index (kg/m2) 29.1 ± 5.4 29.5 ± 5.5 28.7 ± 5.3 0.349
Waist-hip index 0.89 ± 0.07 0.90 ± 0.07 0.89 ± 0.08 0.440
Cholesterol (mg/dl)
 Total 196 ± 40 200 ± 34 192 ± 45 0.165
 Low density lipoprotein (LDL) 114 ± 37 118 ± 36 111 ± 38 0.248
 High density lipoprotein (HDL) 48 ± 12 48 ± 12 48 ± 11 0.838
 Triglycerides 173 ± 84 165 (115–204) 152 (116–207) 0.257
Outcomes
 Adherence score (points) 9.39 ± 2.05 9.39 ± 1.97 9.38 ± 2.13 0.957
 SBP in 24 h (mmHg) 124 ± 14.3 125 ± 14.6 123 ± 13.9 0.385
 HbA1c (%) 6.18 ± 1.58 6.19 ± 1.71 6.15 ± 1.44 0.879
  1. This table contains n (%) for categorical variables and mean (standard deviation) or median (first and third quartile) for continuous variables
  2. Abbreviations: SBP Systolic blood pressure, ambulatory blood pressure monitoring; HbA1c = Glycated haemoglobin