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Table 5 Changes in health behaviors at the 6th month after discharge in the intervention and usual care groups

From: Efficacy of a self-management program in patients with chronic viral hepatitis in China

Mann-Whitney U-test Analysis of covariance
Measure   Baseline   6th month   (ANCOVA)
n Median Interquartile range n Median Interquartile range p value I - J SE p value
Alcohol avoidance IV 30 6 1–6 30 6 4–6 0.001 0.910 0.210 < 0.001
UC 26 5 3–6 19 4 4–6
Dietary habit IV 30 5 2–6 30 5 3–6 0.090 0.556 0.254 0.034
UC 26 5 3–6 19 4 3–6
Medication IV 30 6 5–6 30 5 2–6 0.298 −0.275 0.284 0.338
UC 26 6 3–6 23 5 3–6
Prevention of fatigue IV 30 5 2–6 30 5 2–6 0.564 0.051 0.362 0.888
UC 26 5 3–6 19 4 2–6
Smoking cessation IV 30 6 1–6 30 6 1–6 0.134 −0.054 0.527 0.919
UC 26 5 1–6 19 5 1–6
Stress management IV 30 6 1–6 30 5.5 3–6 0.065 0.579 0.270 0.037
UC 26 5 3–6 19 5 4–6
  1. SE Standard Error, IV Intervention group, UC Usual care group, I – J = Difference in average value