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Table 4 Level of knowledge and attitude in relation to selected nurses’ demographic characteristics (N = 126)

From: Emergency nurses´ knowledge, attitude and perceived barriers regarding pain Management in Resource-Limited Settings: cross-sectional study

VariablesN (%)Mean ± SDF or tP-value
Educational Level  F = 28.37< 0.001
aCertificate49 (38.9)45.5 ± 8.2  
bDiploma50 (39.7)47.9 ± 7.5  
cBachelor27 (21.4)59.8 ± 9.1  
Age in Years  F = 0.3400.797
  < 2542 (33.3)49.4 ± 9.6  
 25–2944 (34.9)48.5 ± 10.1  
 30–3421 (16.7)50.9 ± 9.5  
  ≥ 3519 (15.1)50.5 ± 10.0  
Nursing work experience (Months)  F = 0.6620.619
  ≤ 2439 (31.0)50.3 ± 9.6  
 25–4831 (24.6)49.7 ± 9.6  
 49–7221 (16.7)51.1 ± 11.5  
 73–9616 (12.7)46.9 ± 8.0  
  ≥ 9719 (15.1)47.7 ± 10.1  
Emergency Nursing experience (Months)  F = 0.3760.771
  ≤ 1253 (42.1)49.1 ± 9.8  
 13–3640 (31.7)49.5 ± 9.8  
 37–6022 (17.5)49.2 ± 10.5  
  ≥ 6111 (8.7)52.5 ± 8.6  
Previous Training  t = −2.980.003
dyes40 (31.7)53.2 ± 10.1  
eno86 (68.3)47.8 ± 9.1  
Gender  t = 0.3220.572
 Male76 (60.3)49.9 ± 9.8  
 Female50 (39.7)48.9 ± 9.7  
  1. aNurse assistants with 1–2 years of training, bRegistered nurses with three years of training, cNurse practitioners with four years of training,dThey had short term or long-term training regards pain either in a college or in a hospital, eThey had no training regarding pain