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Table 3 Example of the analysis process

From: Distinctive nursing practices in working with mothers to care for hospitalised children at a district hospital in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa: a descriptive observational study

Data extractInitial codeRefined codePreliminary themeMain theme
“The hospital management queried the mother staying with the child, so I said no this is the paeds ward, the mother and the baby need to stay together.”Nursing practices associated with mothers’ presenceMothers who stayMothers who stay:
b) why do they stay
Preserving the mother-child pair
“The mother must see whatever we [nurses] do to the child and must master the care of the child that she would even be able to continue at home.”Underpinning rationales and valuesApproaches to working with families to care for childrenEquipping mothers to careBelief and trust
“It is also easy to observe if the mother is doing anything [not right] and then give education there and then and to create that bond with the child.”Nursing practices associated with mothers’ presenceWhat nurses doTeaching and educatingSharing knowledge
“It is difficult to give medication to a child, it can take up to 15 min to give medication to one child, but with mother around it is so easy because the mother knows how to make their child to take medication, so it is working for [all of] us.”Underpinning rationales and valuesWhat mothers doMothers as a resourceMothers as a capable resource