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Table 2 PrEP Awareness, Willingness to Prescribe, and Prescription Behaviors among @Nurse Practitioners Compared with Physicians in the United States

From: Understanding the role of nurse practitioners, physician assistants and other nursing staff in HIV pre-exposure prophylaxis care in the United States: a systematic review and meta-analysis

  Odds Ratios and 95% CI Heterogeneity chi-squared statistics d.f.a I2-statistics
  PrEP Awareness
Overall Awareness 0.63 (0.46,0.87) 0.92 1 0.00%
By Time
2016 0.63 (0.46,0.87) n/ab n/ab n/ab
By Location
North East 0.34 (0.1,1.156) 0.00 0 n/ab
West 0.63 (0.46,0.87) 0.00 0 n/ab
  Willingness of prescribing PrEP
Overall Willingness 1.00 (0.98,1.02) 6.52 3 54.00%
By Time
2006 0.74 (0.47,1.17) n/a n/ab n/ab
2014 1.36 (0.65,2.86) 4.18* 1 76.10%
2015 1.00 (0.98,1.02) n/a n/a n/a
By Location
North East 0.78 (0.28,2.17) n/a n/ab n/ab
South 0.74 (0.47,1.17) n/a n/ab n/ab
Nationwide 1.00 (0.98,1.02) 3.24 1 69.10%
West 0.42 (0.11,1.62) n/a n/ab n/ab
  PrEP Prescription
Overall Prescription 1.40 (1.02,1.92) 8.99 4 55.50%
By Time
2013 1.32 (0.89,1.97) 2.93 2 31.80%
2014 0.27 (0.06,1.21) 0.00 0 n/ab
2015 1.94 (1.12,3.36) 0.00 0 n/ab
By Location
North East 2.59 (0.65,10.32) 0.00 0 n/ab
Nationwide 1.35 (0.98,1.87) 8.18* 3 63.30%
  1. @Nurse practitioners: data were extracted directly from included studies where the category was labeled as “Nurse Practitioners”; *p < 0.05; ad degree of freedom, bn/a not applicable