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Table 1 Differences in knowledge, attitudes, and engagement in fall-prevention activities according to participants’ characteristics (N = 162)

From: Nurses’ knowledge, attitude, and fall prevention practices at south Korean hospitals: a cross-sectional survey

Characteristics n Knowledge Attitude Fall-prevention activities
  M SD χ2 p M SD χ2 p M SD χ2 (p) p
Age
  < 30 years 70 6.96 1.48 0.72 .488 3.78 0.38 1.04 .356 3.27 0.48 0.52 .597
 30–39 years 59 6.64 1.74    3.80 0.32    3.27 0.50   
  ≥ 40 years 33 6.94 1.43    3.88 0.30    3.37 0.52   
Sex
 Male 5 7.20 0.84 0.56a .578 3.75 0.15 0.64a .525 3.21 0.45 0.49a .628
 Female 157 6.83 1.59    3.81 0.35    3.29 0.50   
Educational level
 Community college 81 6.79 1.73 0.76 .685 3.82 0.35 0.93 .630 3.30 0.49 0.68 .713
 University 77 6.91 1.43    3.80 0.34    3.28 0.51   
 Master’s degree or higher 4   0.58    3.69 0.32    3.13 0.49   
Work experience
  < 5 years 62 6.92 1.54 0.51a .611 3.73 0.40 2.25a .026 3.25 0.51 0.75a .455
  ≥ 5 years 100 6.79 1.59    3.85 0.29    3.31 30.49   
Department
 Internal medicine 20 7.05 1.54 6.78 .079 3.82 0.24 0.85 .838 3.38 0.51 1.54 .674
 Surgery 101 7.00 1.61    3.79 0.39    3.25 0.50   
 Intensive care unit 22 6.32 1.13    3.85 0.25    3.34 0.50   
 Other 14 6.21 1.58    3.82 0.29    3.31 0.52   
Experience of patient falling
 No 80 6.54 1.60 2.46a .015 3.76 0.32 1.61a .110 3.26 0.51 0.82a .415
 Yes 82 7.13 1.49    3.85 0.37    3.32 0.49   
Number of patient falls experienced
 1 32 7.25 1.68 5.89 .207 3.82 0.33 0.89 .926 3.30 0.54 1.21 .877
 2 22 6.55 1.10    3.82 0.40    3.39 0.48   
 3 14 7.43 1.55    3.90 0.44    3.34 0.44   
 4 5 7.80 1.48    3.94 0.22    3.11 0.61   
  ≥ 5 9 7.33 1.32    3.91 0.41    3.30 0.39   
Fall-prevention education
 No 35 6.86 1.59 0.08a .940 3.73 0.26 1.56a .122 3.14 0.57 1.95a .053
 Yes 127 6.83 1.57    3.83 0.36    3.33 0.47   
  1. M = mean; SD = standard deviation
  2. aMann-Whitney U-test result; SD Standard deviation