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Table 5 Hierarchical linear regression to identify determinants of stress level

From: Why so stressed? A comparative study on stressors and stress between hospital and non-hospital nurses

Variables All (n = 715) Non-Hospital (n = 252) Hospital (n = 463)
β in step … a Final β b β in step … a Final β b β in step … a Final β b
Step 1
 Age −0.157 (− 0.375, 0.062) 0.477 (0.014, 0.939) * 0.014 (− 0.326, 0.354) 1.074 (0.337, 1.812) ** − 0.249 (− 0.527, 0.030) 0.212 (− 0.381, 0.804)
 Marital statusc 1.966 (−3.168, 7.100) −1.300 (−5.267, 2.667) 7.537 (− 0.436, 15.511) 3.138 (−3.188, 9.464) −0.271 (− 6.828., 6.286) −3.441 (−8.528, 1.646)
 Having childrend − 0.268 (− 1.500, 0.964) −0.327 (− 1.276, 0.622) −0.710 (− 2.590, 1.169) −0.823 (− 2.267, 0.620) −0.086 (− 1.672, 1.500) −0.106 (− 1.343, 1.130)
 Δ R2 0.004 0.014 0.010
 Δ F 1.026 1.209 1.530
Step 2
 Work tenure −0.741 (− 1.396, − 0.085) * −0.665 (− 1.172, − 0.158) ** −1.084 (− 2.084, − 0.085) * −0.978 (− 1.743, − 0.214) * −0.573 (− 1.435, 0.289) −0.496 (− 1.167, 0.175)
 Job positione 7.755 (2.553, 12.957) ** 4.644 (0.565, 8.723) * −1.574 (− 11.204, 8.056) − 0.128 (−7.542, 7.286) 10.192 (3.840, 16.545) ** 6.156 (1.158, 11.155) *
 Work schedulef 5.250 (2.073, 8.428) *** −0.057 (− 2.612, 2.497) − 0.654 (− 5.670, 4.362) −1.385 (− 5.223, 2.452) 6.556 (1.081, 12.031) * −0.236 (− 4.617, 4.146)
 Δ R2 0.031 0.020 0.034
 Δ F 7.562 *** 1.653 5.365 ***
Step 3
 Workplace stressor (WS) 0.522 (0.419, 0.625) *** 0.514 (0.376, 0.652) *** 0.543 (0.370, 0.716) *** 0.678 (0.449, 0.907) *** 0.513 (0.379, 0.647) *** 0.446 (0.263, 0.628) ***
 Household stressor (HS) 1.573 (1.330, 1.817) *** 1.531 (1.006, 2.055) *** 1.260 (0.898, 1.622) *** 1.722 (1.091, 2.352) *** 1.725 (1.397, 2.052) *** 1.310 (0.480, 2.139) **
 Δ R2 0.390 0.401 0.380
 Δ F 239.816 *** 86.347 *** 149.765 ***
Step 4
 WS*HS 0.001 (−0.014, 0.017) 0.001 (−0.014, 0.017) −0.018 (− 0.039, 0.002) −0.018 (− 0.039, 0.002) 0.012 (− 0.011, 0.035) 0.012 (− 0.011, 0.035)
 Δ R2 0.000 0.007 0.001
 Δ F 0.032 23.089 1.147
  1. *** p < 0.001 (2-tailed); ** p < 0.01 (2-tailed); * p < 0.05 (2-tailed); a β in step.. = β of the particular step at which the variable initially entered the equation; b Final β = β in the final (4th step); c Marital status (0 = never married, 1 = ever married); d Having children (0 = none, 1 = at least one child); e Job position (0 = staff nurse/community nurse, 1 = nurse manager); f Work schedule (0 = non-shift, 1 = shift)