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Table 2 Characteristics of the study participants by Country

From: Professional image of nursing and midwifery in East Africa: an exploratory analysis

  Kenya (n, %) Uganda (n, %) Tanzania (n, %) Total (n, %) p-value
Nationality / Sample 203 (39.7) 168 (32.9) 140 (27.4) 511  
Age, years
Age (Mean, SD) 38.5 (9.4) 39.4 (13.1) 37.5 (10.6)   
  20–29 38 (19.1) 47 (28.3) 41 (29.2) 126 (25.0)  
  30–39 73 (36.7) 54 (32.5) 45 (32.1) 172 (34.2) 0.099
  40–49 55 (27.6) 30 (18.1) 27 (19.2) 112 (22.3)  
 50+ 33 (16.6) 35 (21.1) 25 (17.9) 93 (18.5)  
Gender
  Male 79 (38.9) 46 (27.4) 70 (50.0) 195 (38.2) 0.000
  Female 124 (61.1) 122 (72.6) 70 (50.0) 316 (61.8)  
Professional Groups
  Enrolled nurse/midwife 1 (0.5) 31 (18.5) 16 (11.4) 48 (9.4)  
  Registered nurse/midwife 40 (19.7) 92 (54.8) 102 (72.9) 234 (45.8) 0.000
  Registered Community Health nurse 116 (57.1) 5 (3.0) 0 (0.0) 121 (23.7)  
Highest Qualification
  Certificate 1 (0.5) 34 (20.2) 15 (10.7) 50 (9.7)  
  Diploma 105 (51.7) 58 (34.5) 45 (32.1) 208 (40.7) 0.000
  Degree 72 (35.5) 50 (29.8) 47 (33.6) 169 (33.1)  
  Master/PhD 25 (12.3) 26 (15.5) 33 (23.6) 84 (16.4)  
Years of Practice
  Mean (SD) 14.4 (9.7) 15.6 (12.8) 12.1 (10.3)   
  0–5 43 (21.6) 40 (24.2) 47 (35.1) 47 (35.1)  
  6–10 44 (22.1) 37 (22.4) 33 (24.6) 33 (24.6)  
  11–15 33 (16.6) 22 (13.3) 16 (11.9) 16 (11.9) 0.084
  16–20 30 (15.1) 23 (13.9) 8 (6.0) 8 (6.0)  
  20+ 49 (24.6) 43 (26.1) 30 (22.4) 30 (22.4)  
Direct patient care
  Yes 172 (84.7) 141 (83.9) 108 (77.1) 421 (82.4) 0.158
  No 31 (15.3) 27 (16.1) 32 (22.9) 90 (17.6)  
Does public perception of nursing and/or midwifery determine how nurses and/or midwives conduct their work
  Yes 89 (55.3) 68 (44.4) 37 (36.6) 194 (46.7)  
  No 72 (44.7) 85 (55.6) 64 (63.4) 221 (53.3) 0.010