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Table 3 Association between student demographics, clinical experience and mean CLES + T score

From: Clinical learning environment of nursing and midwifery students in Ghana

Factor Mean (SD) Test statistic
Programme of study
 BSc. Nursing 3.15 (0.55) t = −3.1, p =0.002
 BSc. Midwifery 3.14 (0.67)
Level (year)
 300 (third) 3.32 (0.75) t = 0.84, p = 0.405
 400 (fourth) 3.22 (0.56)
Title of clinical supervisor
 Nurse 3.15 (0.55) F = 2.27, p = 0.063
 Nurse specialist 3.36 (0.51)
 Assistant ward manager 3.44 (0.53)
 Sister/ward manager 3.42 (0.63)
 Midwife 3.26 (0.75)
Method of supervision
 Unsuccessful supervision 3.07 (0.68) F= 7.38, p = 0.001
 Team supervision 3.38 (0.54)
 Successful supervision 3.83 (0.43)
Frequency of private contact with supervisor
 Not at all 3.14 (0.61) F= 4.51, p = 0.002
 Once or twice during the course 3.26 (0.55)
 Less than once a week 2.83 (0.53)
 About once a week 3.46 (0.60)
 More often 3.53 (0.53)