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Table 2 Inclusion and exclusion criteria for the review

From: Lifelong learning and nurses’ continuing professional development, a metasynthesis of the literature

  Inclusion Criteria
Types of studies Studies published between 2010 and 2019.
  Studies published in English language.
  Original studies using qualitative methods (describing themes raised by participants) i.e. seeking to understand nurses’ experience of CPD,
describing the challenges and benefits of CPD from the nurse’s perspective,
nurse lifelong learning
Types of participants Nurses, nurse managers
Nurse educators
  Nurses working in different settings and contexts
Nurses in educational roles
Nurse managers
Abbreviated Key words Education, Nursing, Continuing Education, Continued Professional Development, Learning, lifelong learning, nurse*, qualitative research, interview as topic, focus groups, Narration, ethnograph* qualitative or questionnaire*, survey*
Example from Search Field labels
• exp./ = exploded controlled term
• / = non exploded controlled term
• .ti,ab,id. = title, abstract and author keywords
• adjx = adjacent within x words, regardless of order
* = truncation of word for alternate endingsMAINSUBJECT.EXACT(“Professional Continuing Education”) OR (MAINSUBJECT.EXACT(“Lifelong Learning”) OR MAINSUBJECT.EXACT.EXPLODE(“Staff Development”)) OR ti(((continuing or continued or inservice or professional) NEAR/2 (education or development or program* or training))) OR ti((learning NEAR/2 (lifelong or life-long or ongoing or on-going or self-direct* or self-motivat* or voluntary* or work-based)).)
AND
(MAINSUBJECT.EXACT.EXPLODE(“Nurses”) OR ti((nurse* NEAR/6 ((continuing OR continued OR inservice OR professional) NEAR/2 (education OR development OR program* OR training)))) OR ab((nurse* NEAR/6 ((continuing OR continued OR inservice OR professional) NEAR/2 (education OR development OR program* OR training)))) OR ti((nurse* NEAR/6 (learning NEAR/2 (lifelong OR life-long OR ongoing OR on-going OR self-direct* OR self-motivat* OR voluntary* OR work-based)))) OR ab((nurse* NEAR/6 (learning NEAR/2 (lifelong OR life-long OR ongoing OR on-going OR self-direct* OR self-motivat* OR voluntary* OR work-based)))))
AND
(MAINSUBJECT.EXACT(“Qualitative Research”) OR MAINSUBJECT.EXACT.EXPLODE(“Interviews”) OR MAINSUBJECT.EXACT(“Focus Groups”) OR MAINSUBJECT.EXACT(“Narration”) OR ti((audiorecording* OR ethnograph* OR fieldwork OR “field work” OR “focus group*” OR interview* OR “key informant*” OR narration* OR narrative* OR observation* OR qualitative OR questionnaire* OR survey*)) OR ab((audiorecording* OR ethnograph* OR fieldwork OR “field work” OR “focus group*” OR interview* OR “key informant*” OR narration* OR narrative* OR observation* OR qualitative OR questionnaire* OR survey*)))
Narrowed by:decade: 2010–2019;Source type: Scholarly Journals;Language: English;Peer reviewed: Peer reviewed
  Exclusion Criteria
Types of studies Articles published before 2010
Non-English language
Studies using quantitative methodologies
Systematic reviews
Grey literature and conference papers
Non-peer reviewed journal articles
Theses or dissertations
Editorials, commentary or opinion articles
Articles testing tools for CPD
Articles focused on career development or revalidation not CPD
Non-nurse/ Other healthcare professionals CPD