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Table 3 Summary of articles with location cohort data collection method

From: Lifelong learning and nurses’ continuing professional development, a metasynthesis of the literature

Article Location n Method/data collection Respondents
Averlid, G. (2017). Norwegian nurse anesthetist perceptions of professional development and the influence of production pressure. AANA journal, 85 (5), 345. Norway 14 Interviews Nurses
Balls, P. (2010). What are the factors that affect band 5 nurses’ career development and progression? Nursing Times, 106 (15), 10–13. England 6 Semi structured interviews Novice nurses
Brekelmans, G., Poell, R. F., & van Wijk, K. (2013). Factors influencing continuing professional development: A Delphi study among nursing experts. European Journal of Training and Development,37 (3), 313–325. Netherlands 38 Interviews nurse managers, professional associations
Clark, E., Draper, J., & Rogers, J. (2015). Illuminating the process: enhancing the impact of continuing professional education on practice. Nurse Education Today, 35 (2), 388–394. England 35 + 31 Interviews Nurses, managers, educators
Cleary, M., Horsfall, J., O’Hara-Aarons, M., Jackson, D., & Hunt, G. E. (2011). The views of mental health nurses on continuing professional development. Journal of Clinical Nursing, 20 (23–24), 3561–3566. Australia 50 Face-to-face interviews Nurses
Draper, J., Clark, L., & Rogers, J. (2016). Managers’ role in maximising investment in continuing professional education. Nursing Management, 22 (9). UK 35 2 step semi-structured telehpone interviews Nurses, managers,
Ennis, G., Happell, B., & Reid-Searl, K. (2015). Enabling professional development in mental health nursing: the role of clinical leadership. Journal of psychiatric and mental health nursing, 22 (8), 616–622. Australia 12 Individual face-to-face interviews Mental Health Nurses
Fairchild, R. M., Everly, M., Bozarth, L., Bauer, R., Walters, L., Sample, M., & Anderson, L. (2013). A qualitative study of continuing education needs of rural nursing unit staff: The nurse administrator’s perspective. Nurse education today, 33 (4), 364–369. USA 40 Qualitative interviews Nurse administrators
Goudreau, J., Pepin, J., Larue, C., Dubois, S., Descôteaux, R., Lavoie, P., & Dumont, K. (2015). A competency-based approach to nurses’ continuing education for clinical reasoning and leadership through reflective practice in a care situation. Nurse education in practice, 15 (6), 572–578. Canada 85 Descriptive longitudinal evaluative research design Nurse managers, nurses and novice nurses
Govranos, M., & Newton, J. M. (2014). Exploring ward nurses’ perceptions of continuing education in clinical settings. Nurse Education Today, 34 (4), 655–660. Australia 23 Case study Clinical nursing staff
Gray, M., Rowe, J., & Barnes, M. (2014). Continuing professional development and changed re-registration requirements: Midwives’ reflections. Nurse education today, 34 (5), 860–865. Australia 20 Longitudinal case study in depth qualitative interviews Midwives
Green, J. K., & Huntington, A. D. (2017). Online professional development for digitally differentiated nurses: An action research perspective. Nurse education in practice, 22, 55–62. New Zealand 10 Action research approach Nurses
Shrestha, G. K., Bhandari, N., Singh, B. (2010). Nurses’ views on need for professional development in Nepal. Journal of the Nepal Medical Association, 49 (179). Nepal 11 Focus group interviews Nurses
Jantzen, D. (2019). Refining nursing practice through workplace learning: A grounded theory. Journal of clinical nursing, 28 (13–14), 2565–2576. Canada 17 Semi structured interviews Experienced nurses
Jho, M. Y., & Kang, Y. (2016). Perceptions of continuing nursing education in Korea. The Journal of Continuing Education in Nursing, 47 (12), 566–572. Korea 17 Focus group interviews Nurses
Kyrkjebø, D., Søvde, B. E., & Råholm, M. B. (2017). Nursing competence in the municipal health service: can professional development be accommodated?. Norwegian Journal of Clinical Nursing/Sykepleien Forskning. Norway 14 Focus Group Nurses
Lee, N. J. (2011). An evaluation of CPD learning and impact upon positive practice change. Nurse Education Today, 31 (4), 390–395. UK 11 Interviews Nurses
Pool, I., Poell, R., & ten Cate, O. (2013). Nurses’ and managers’ perceptions of continuing professional development for older and younger nurses: A focus group study. International journal of nursing studies, 50 (1), 34–43. Netherlands 22 Focus group interviews Nurses, managers
Pool, I. A., Poell, R. F., Berings, M. G., & ten Cate, O. (2015). Strategies for continuing professional development among younger, middle-aged, and older nurses: A biographical approach. International journal of nursing studies, 52 (5), 939–950. Netherlands 21 Semi-structured interviews nurses at different career stages
Pool, I. A., Poell, R. F., Berings, M. G., & ten Cate, O. (2016). Motives and activities for continuing professional development: An exploration of their relationships by integrating literature and interview data. Nurse education today, 38, 22–28. Netherlands 21 Semi-structured interviews nurses
Price, S., & Reichert, C. (2017). The importance of continuing professional development to career satisfaction and patient care: meeting the needs of novice to mid-to late-career nurses throughout their career span. Administrative Sciences, 7 (2), 17. Canada 185 Focus group interviews nurses at different career stages
Stanford. How can a competency framework for advanced practice support care? British Journal of Nursing, 2016, Vol 25, No 20 UK 8 Qualitative cross-sectional design Nurses
Tame, S. L. (2011). Secret study: A new concept in continuing professional education. Nurse Education Today, 31 (5), 482–487. UK 23 Interviews Perioperative Nurses
Thurgate, C. (2018). Supporting those who work and learn: A phenomenological research study. Nurse education today, 61, 83–88. UK 46 Interviews Nurses