|Formative evaluation||Summative evaluation|
Formative evaluation is conducted to:|
• Monitor progress toward achieving outcomes.
• Provide ongoing formative feedback.
• Support participant’s clinical competencies.
• Identify and close gaps in knowledge and skills.
• Assess readiness for real-world experiences.
• Facilitate teaching and learning.
Summative evaluation is conducted:|
• At a discrete point in time (i.e., at the end of a course or certain time period).
• In a safe learning environment.
• After orientation to the environment and equipment.
• Appropriate level of fidelity necessary to achieve the participant outcomes.
• Utilizing a standardized format and scoring methods (i.e., utilizing a standardized scenario that includes information on when to cue, scenario length of time, and other scenario details).
• With a video recording of the evaluation to allow review by multiple trained evaluators
|Requires formally trained facilitators (see INACSL Standard: Facilitation).||Use a theoretically based method to determine passing or cut scores where appropriate.|
|Use small group ratio, ideally a minimum ratio of one facilitator per three to five students.||Select a valid and reliable instrument.|
|Provide rater training for observation-based evaluation.|
|Establish interrater reliability when more than one rater required.|
|Inform participants in advance of the evaluation.|
|Provide summative feedback to participant about achievement of outcomes.|