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Table 4 Descriptive data, t-test and effect sizes (d) of differences between two evaluation strategies for scales of clinical simulation satisfaction (n = 218)

From: Comparing formative and summative simulation-based assessment in undergraduate nursing students: nursing competency acquisition and clinical simulation satisfaction

Scale Formative evaluation
(n = 106)
Summative evaluation
(n = 112)
t(1,217) Sig. Effect size
(d)
Mean
(SD)
Mean
(SD)
Simulation utility 56.59 (5.584) 52.67 (10.109) 21.71 .001 3.925
Characteristics of cases and application 18.57 (1.487) 16.74 (2.690) 27.84 <.001 1.825
Communication 14.36 (1.244) 12.98 (2.379) 42.13 <.001 1.376
Self-reflection on performance 14.28 (1.119) 12.73 (2.438) 35.84 <.001 1.551
Increased self-confidence 13.72 (1.378) 11.71 (3.071) 42.87 <.001 2.003
Relation between theory and practice 13.78 (1.345) 11.71 (2.447) 41.43 <.001 2.069
Facilities and equipment 12.20 (1.775) 11.58 (2.225) 4.29 .024 .618
Negative aspects of simulation 3.73 (1.231) 4.77 (.849) 12.09 <.001 -.947
Total score 147.23 (9.977) 134.61 (21.955) 35.10 <.001 12.619