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Table 1 Socio-demographic characteristics of respondents (n = 1898)

From: Fear of future workplace violence and its influencing factors among nurses in Shandong, China: a cross-sectional study

Characteristics Number
(N = 1898)
Percent
(%)
Scores of FFVW
(Mean ± SD)
F/t/χ2 p value
Sex     −4.823 <0.001a
 Male 115 6.1 59.10 ± 19.22   
 Female 1783 93.9 67.96 ± 16.93   
Age, years     13.281 <0.001b
  ≤ 30 621 32.7 64.85 ± 17.60   
 31–50 1204 63.4 68.96 ± 16.72   
 >50 73 3.8 64.11 ± 18.81   
Marital status     −4.883 <0.001a
 Single/divorced/widowed/separated 377 19.9 63.40 ± 18.15   
 Married 1521 80.1 68.43 ± 16.82   
Educational background     6.381 0.041c
 College diploma or below 137 7.2 63.26 ± 19.67   
 Bachelor 1671 88.0 67.86 ± 16.75   
 Master or higher 90 4.7 65.79 ± 20.44   
Monthly income, CNY     −4.501 <0.001a
 <5000 334 17.6 63.52 ± 17.57   
  ≥ 5000 1564 82.4 68.26 ± 17.02   
Number of child/children     19.450 <0.001c
 0 466 24.6 64.75 ± 17.58   
 1 907 47.8 68.59 ± 16.69   
  ≥ 2 525 27.7 67.80 ± 17.52   
Department     31.374 <0.001c
 Internal medicine 538 28.3 67.18 ± 18.04   
 Surgery 742 39.0 69.05 ± 16.18   
 Obstetrics and gynecology 95 5.0 67.44 ± 16.52   
 Pediatrics 138 7.2 69.79 ± 15.18   
 Emergency department 165 8.6 66.64 ± 15.69   
 Other 220 11.5 61.65 ± 19.71   
Professional status     26.626 <0.001c
 Primary 898 47.3 65.85 ± 17.38   
 Intermediate 920 48.5 69.05 ± 16.88   
 Senior 80 4.2 66.53 ± 17.46   
Employment status     −0.292 0.771a
 Regular employee 410 21.6 67.21 ± 18.83   
 Contract employee 1488 78.4 67.49 ± 16.73   
Length of vacation days     13.832 0.001c
 0 209 11.0 70.22 ± 16.22   
 1–14 1129 59.5 67.76 ± 17.07   
  ≥ 15 560 29.5 65.71 ± 17.68   
Experience of workplace violence     −6.151 <0.001a
 Yes 1648 86.8 68.56 ± 16.20   
 No 250 13.2 59.92 ± 21.30   
Social support     2.022 0.043a
 Low 1308 68.9 68.00 ± 16.22   
 High 590 31.1 66.16 ± 19.16   
  1. Abbreviations: CNY Chinese yuan, USD United States dollar, SD Standard Deviation
  2. 5000 CNY ≈ 718.39 USD (August 2020 exchange rate)
  3. a p values are derived from t-test, b p values were derived from One-way ANOVA, c p values are derived from Kruskal-Wallis Test