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Table. 1 Sociodemographic information and distribution of psychological distress in categorical items (N = 462)

From: Self-esteem, job insecurity, and psychological distress among Chinese nurses

Variable n (%) Psychological Distress
(Mean ± SD)
t/F P
Age    2.034 0.132
  < 30 years 266(57.6) 24.03 ± 7.14   
  31 ~ 40 years 150(32.5) 23.79 ± 7.01   
  > 40 years 46(10.0) 21.72 ± 8.20   
Gender    3.835 0.051
  Female 428(92.6) 23.57 ± 7.07   
  male 34(7.4) 25.59 ± 8.87   
Years of working    4.217 0.006
  < 3 years 108(23.4) 24.31 ± 7.19   
  3 ~ 5 years 85(18.4) 23.08 ± 7.12   
  6 ~ 10 years 154(33.3) 24.95 ± 7.09   
  > 10 years 115(24.9) 22.00 ± 7.22   
Education level    1.590 0.208
  Junior school or under 123(26.6) 23.73 ± 7.59   
  Bachelor’s degree or above 339(73.4) 23.72 ± 7.10   
Economic conditions   P = 0.066 2.730 0.066
  < 3000 ¥ 102(22.1) 25.03 ± 7.97   
  3000 ~ 5000 ¥ 233(50.4) 23.65 ± 6.73   
  > 5000 ¥ 127(27.5) 22.80 ± 7.37   
Marital status    0.328 0.567
  Single 117(25.3) 23.64 ± 7.29   
  Married 345(74.7) 23.97 ± 7.05   
Job type    18.993 0.000
  Permanent nurse 177(40.5) 24.96 ± 8.13   
  Temporary nurse 285(59.5) 22.95 ± 6.94