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Table 3 Factor loadings of exploratory factor analysis for the Medication Safety Competence Scale

From: Psychometric evaluation of medication safety competence scale for clinical nurses

Item (“I feel confident about. .”) Factor 1 Factor 2 Factor 3 Factor 4 Factor 5 Factor 6
1. Planning care in the medication process 0.796 - - - - -
2. Communicating individually according to patients’ condition and level in the medication process 0.814 - - - - -
3. Evaluating my nursing practice in the medication process 0.757 - - - - -
4. Giving confidence to patients and caregivers in the medication process 0.828 - - - - -
5. Giving a sense of stability through clear and consistent communication with patient 0.855 - - - - -
6. Documentation of assessment, planning, administration of medication, and evaluation of outcomes 0.812 - - - - -
7. Effective patient training to help patients speak of the symptoms of adverse effects 0.776 - - - - -
8. Practicing medication care with responsibility for the safety of patients 0.795 - - - - -
9. Detecting adverse reactions in medication 0.820 - - - - -
10. Improving the complex and vulnerable way of medication safety (e.g., incorrect administration practices) - 0.855 - - - -
11. Establish prevention measures when medication errors or near-misses occur - 0.833 - - - -
12. Trying to create a supportive environment that encourages people to talk about problems when medication errors - 0.852 - - - -
13. Identifying the root cause rather than blaming the individual when medication errors or near-misses occur - 0.838 - - - -
14. Establishing prevention measures when adverse drug events occur - 0.714 - - - -
15. Having a questioning attitude and speaking up when you see something that may be unsafe - 0.682 - - - -
16. Analyzing the case to find the root cause of the medication error - 0.888 - - - -
17. Reporting to a nursing manager or supervisor when medication errors or near-misses occur - 0.756 - - - -
18. Understanding the role of environmental factors such as workflow and resources, which effect medication safety - - - 0.812 - -
19. Understanding the role of human factors, such as fatigue, that affect medication safety - - - 0.652 - -
20. Finding information about medication from different sources - - - 0.816 - -
21. Describing prevention activities for medication safety - - - 0.573 - -
22. Administration according to the right way (patient, drug, dose, route, and time) - - - 0.792 - -
23. Using information technology and computerized systems for medication safety - - - 0.758 - -
24. Coping quickly according to hospital protocol when adverse drug events occur - - 0.813 - - -
25. Coping quickly according to hospital protocol when medication errors or near-misses occur - - 0.825 - - -
26. Reporting the adverse drug events according to the reporting system - - 0.803 - - -
27. Reporting the medication errors or near-misses according to the reporting system - - 0.802 - - -
28. Assess the need for medication by checking patients’ condition and examination results prior to administration - - 0.503 - - -
29. Managing the medicine according to the hospital’ s medication management guidelines - - 0.809 - - -
30. Collaborating with multidisciplinary professionals to address medication safety issues - - - - 0.793 -
31. Communicating effectively between multidisciplinary members to address medication safety issues - - - - 0.751 -
32. Sharing decision-making between multidisciplinary to address medication safety issues - - - - 0.807 -
33. Collaborating with other departments for medication safety - - - - 0.805 -
34. Receiving regularly medication safety training - - - - - 0.790
35. Evaluating regularly my knowledge of medication safety - - - - - 0.861
36. Performing medication care with the alertness as the professional - - - - - 0.850