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Table 7 Comparisons between assessments M1-M3 of HAD, CD-RISC, SWLS, PPS and PSS

From: A feasibility study of a cognitive behavioral based stress management intervention for nursing students: results, challenges, and implications for research and practice

  M1
M (SD)
M2
M (SD)
M3
M (SD)
F Eta2 Power
HAD anxiety 8.00 (3.01) a,b 5.93 (1.94) a 6.79 (1.90) b 9.33 0.41 0.96
HAD depression 12.66 (2.38) a 13.59 (1.88) a 13.31 (2.47) 4.20 0.24 0.67
CD-RISC 67.88 (8.19) a,b 72.44 (7.82) a 72.84 (8.55) b 6.64 0.37 0.87
SWLS 26.48 (5.38) a 28.34 (3.95) a 28.31 (3.94) 5.72 0.29 0.82
PPS 30.24 (8.89) 27.10 (7.87) 27.55 (8.27) 3.10 0.19 0.55
PSS 24.73 (7.99) 20.09 (6.61) 20.82 (5.74) 2.93 0.39 0.43
  1. a-b Significant difference means based on Bonferroni posthoc tests. (Significance level 5%, two-tailed tests)
  2. M1 – Measurement 1, pre-intervention
  3. M2 – Measurement 2, post-intervention
  4. M3 – Measurement 3, one-year follow up