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Table 8 Comparisons between assessments M1-M3 of Brief COPE interventions

From: A feasibility study of a cognitive behavioral based stress management intervention for nursing students: results, challenges, and implications for research and practice

Brief
COPE Dimension
M1
M (SD)
M2
M (SD)
M3
M (SD)
F Eta2 Power
Self-distraction 5.86 (1.51) a,b 4.59 (1.43) a 5.00 (1.49) b 13.54 0.50 1.00
Active coping 6.61 (0.83) 6.79 (0.88) 6.89 (0.92) 1.24 0.09 0.25
Denial 3.00 (1.24) 2.74 (0.90) 2.93 (0.96) 0.99 0.07 0.20
Use of emotional support 6.38 (1.40) 6.55 (1.12) 6.79 (0.90) 1.79 0.12 0.34
Behavioral disengagement 3.24 (1.09) 3.07 (1.13) 2.93 (0.84) 1.53 0.10 0.30
Substance use 2.14 (0.52) 2.07 (0.26) 2.10 (0.41) 0.36 0.03 0.10
Venting 5.45 (1.33) 5.38 (1.21) 5.48 (1.09) 0.10 0.01 0.06
Use of instrumental support 5.93 (1.33) 6.28 (1.16) 6.41 (1.09) 3.21 0.19 0.56
Positive reframing 6.28 (1.13) 6.31 (1.04) 6.52 (1.09) 0.72 0.05 0.16
Self-blame 5.79 (1.42) a,b 4.79 (1.42) a 4.90 (1.66) b 13.55 0.50 1.00
Planning 6.04 (0.92) a 6.57 (0.79) a 6.50 (1.35) 6.87 0.35 0.89
Humor 5.38 (1.64) 5.34 (1.80) 5.24 (1.64) 0.23 0.02 0.08
Acceptance 6.50 (0.69) 6.57 (0.92) 6.64 (1.13) 0.35 0.03 0.10
Religion 2.76 (1.33) 2.97 (1.40) 3.07 (1.41) 2.45 0.15 0.45
  1. a-b Significant difference means based on Bonferroni post-hoc tests. (Significance level 5%, two-tailed tests)
  2. M1 – Measurement 1, pre intervention
  3. M2 – Measurement 2, post intervention
  4. M3 – Measurement 3, one-year follow up