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Table 2 Tested outcome variables and instruments used with headlines reflecting program logic assumption (Fig. 1)

From: A peer learning intervention in workplace introduction - managers’ and new graduates’ perspectives

Outcome Instruments used Items
Learning & development
 Thriving aThriving scale [29] The 11-item thriving scale measures two factors (vitality and learning) including five items each and a total scale. The scale has seven response options, where higher scores indicate greater levels of workplace thriving.
Belief in oneself
 Self-efficacy aNursing Self-Efficacy Scale (NSE) [30]
A single item asking how prepared they were to cope with work as a nurse [31]
9-item scale with 11 response options, where 11 represents the most positive perception of nursing self-efficacy.
This question had the same response categories as the NSE.
 Psychological empowerment aSpreitzer’s empowerment scale [32] 12-item scale, measuring four factors (meaning, competence, self-determination, and impact), and total scale. Seven response options, where higher scores the more positive perceptions of psychological empowerment.
Well-being
 Well-being aWHO-5 Well Being Index (WHO-5) [33]. 5-item scale with 6 response options where a score under 52 indicates poor well-being.
 Job demands aSpecific job demands within the health care sector scale (SJDH – scale) [34]. The 15-item scale measuring four factors; pain and death; professional worries; patient and relative needs; threats and violence. Four response options, where higher scores indicate that they encountered various work-related elements to a higher extent.
 Stress symptoms aPsychosomatic health aspects scale [35]. 11-item scale with 5 response options, where higher scores indicate a more desirable state.
Satisfaction
 Satisfaction with provided care aThe Nurse-specific Satisfaction with Care (NSC) [36]. 9-item scale ranked with 7 response options, where higher scores indicate a higher level of satisfaction.
 Job satisfaction athe Job Satisfaction Questionnaire [37]. The 20-item scale measuring five factors (competence, emotion, autonomy, initiative, relation). Four response options, where high scores indicate high levels of job satisfaction.
  aThe Brief Index of Affective Job Satisfaction (BIAJS) [38]. 7-item scale with 5 response options scale, where higher score, indicates a higher level of satisfaction.
  1. aHave been tested for validity and reliability with acceptable results