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Table 1 Demographic characteristics of the participants

From: Alarm fatigue and moral distress in ICU nurses in COVID-19 pandemic

Group  Variable Frequency(percent) Alarm fatigue statistic test
P value
Moral distress Statistic test
P value
Gender Women 135 (96.4) 19.22 ± 6.30 t = 1.41
P = .159
33.37 ± 11.81 t = −0.353
P = .725
Men 5 (3.6) 15.20 ± 3.56 35.60 ± 0.54
Marital status Married 109 (77.9) 19.01 ± 6.11 t = .245
P = .807
32.07 ± 11.45 t = 3.39
P = .001
Unmarried 31 (22.1) 19.32 ± 6.86 39.81 ± 10.15
Educational level Bachelor 105 (75) 18.76 ± 6.32 F = 1.98
P = .141
33.57 ± 12.14 F = .116
P = .89
Master’s 30 (21.4) 19.30 ± 5.63 34.70 ± 10.37
PhD 5 (3.6) 24.40 ± 7.40 33.20 ± 7.36
Shift type Rotation shift 114 (81.4) 19.55 ± 5.89 t = −1.89
P = .06
35.01 ± 11.02 t = − 2.61
P = .01
Fixed Shift 26 (18.6) 17 ± 7.44 28.54 ± 12.75
Number of night shifts 0 20 (14.3) 19.15 ± 5.77 F = 1.31
P = .192
32.40 ± 15.77 F = 1.15
P = .315
1-3 8 (5.7) 18.25 ± 7.25 33.17 ± 14.78
4-6 39 (27.9) 17.94 ± 7.07 33.23 ± 10.37
7-9 41 (29.3) 19.10 ± 6.10 32.95 ± 1.47
> 10 32 (22.9) 21.08 ± 4.40 34.96 ± 9.75
Second Job Yes 10 (7.1) 18.90 ± 6.29 t = −.093
P = .926
35.89 ± 1.05 t = .558
P = .578
No 130 (92.9) 19.09 ± 6.28 33.65 ± 11.98
Sleep Disorder Yes 40 (28.6) 19.23 ± 6.16 t = −.174
P = .862
34.15 ± 12.26 t = .225
P = .823
No 100 (71.4) 19.02 ± 6.32 33.66 ± 11.39
Ventilator training experience Yes 98 (70) 18.21 ± 6.70 t = −2.54
P = .012
32.85 ± 11.46 t = −1.47
P = .142
No 42 (30) 21.10 ± 4.53 36 ± 11.74