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Table 1 Nursing students' knowledge and performance score before and after intervention in simulation and workshop groups

From: Knowledge and practice of nursing students regarding bioterrorism and emergency preparedness: comparison of the effects of simulations and workshop

Variables Group Before intervention After intervention Test results Wilcoxon
Mean ± SD Mean ± SD
EPIQ Simulation 88.15 ± 36.96 74.25 ± 35.29 Z = -3.884, p = 0.001
Workshop 156.20 ± 12.73 124.95 ± 13.40 Z = -3.825, p = 0.001
Mann-Witney U Z = -1.083, p = 0.289 Z = -4.793, p = 0.001  
Disaster triage Simulation 10.15 ± 1.84 12.25 ± 4.88 Z = -0.884, p = 0.377
Workshop 8.45 ± 2.64 9.75 ± 3.79 Z = -1.402, p = 0.161
Mann-Witney U Z = -2.130, p = 0.035 Z = -1.747, p = 0.086  
Comunication Simulation 0.55 ± 0.75 7.85 ± 1.08 Z = -4.025, p = 0.001
Workshop 0.40 ± 0.68 5.65 ± 1.75 Z = -3.967, p = 0.001
Mann-Witney U Z = -0.673, p = 0.583 Z = -3.657, p = 0.001  
Command System Simulation 3.80 ± 1.88 15.90 ± 4.38 Z = -3.941, p = 0.001
Workshop 4.25 ± 4.92 11.75 ± 2.04 Z = -3.398, p = 0.001
Mann-Witney U Z = -0.508, p = 0.620 Z = -3.747, p = 0.001  
Isolation Simulation 4.15 ± 0.74 7.60 ± 1.66 -3.801, p = 0.001
Workshop 3.10 ± 1.44 6.45 ± 1.19 Z = -3.845, p = 0.001
Mann-Witney U Z = -2.302, p = 0.026 Z = -3.034, p = 0.002  
Psychopathy Simulation 5.80 ± 2.68 8.95 ± 1.95 Z = -3.434, p = 0.001
Workshop 5.55 ± 2.11 6.80 ± 1.85 Z = -2.378, p = 0.017
Mann-Witney U Z = -0.685, p = 0.512 Z = -3.294, p = 0.001  
Report Simulation 7.50 ± 2.80 14.05 ± 3.95 Z = -3.831, p = 0.001
Workshop 6.45 ± 4.48 7.05 ± 2.72 Z = -0.545, p = 0.586
Mann-Witney U Z = -1.430, p = 0.157 Z = -4.658, p = 0.001