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Table 2 Effect analysis of the intervention of teaching and training using flipped teaching (N = 80)

From: Effectiveness of flipped teaching on the knowledge and self-efficacy of nursing personnel in non-pharmacological pain management-aromatherapy: a quasi-experiment

Variable B Standard deviation 95% CI Wald chi-square P
Knowledge
 Intercept 4.375 0.179 4.024–4.726 596.107**  < 0.001
 Group 0.275 0.243 -0.201–0.751 1.281 0.258
 Pre/post-test -0.325 0.119 -0.559–-0.091 7.420* 0.006*
 Group × pre/post-test 1.200 0.201 0.787–1.613 32.382**  < 0.001
Self-efficacy
 Intercept 6.825 0.185 6.462–7.188 1356.654  < .001
 Group 0.200 0.262 -0.314–0.714 0.582 0.445
 Pre/post-test 0.075 0.189 -0.297–0.447 0.157 0.692
 Group × pre/post-test 1.450 0.268 0.925–1.975 29.250  < 0.001
  1. * p < 0.05
  2. ** p < 0.001