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Evidence-based Nursing Care

Section edited by Bridget Johnston

This section concerns all aspects of evidence-based knowledge to inform and transform nursing practice in all settings, and includes original research studies, systematic or integrative reviews, meta-analyses reporting advances relevant to best nursing practice.

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  1. Dysphagia is common after stroke and represents a major risk factor for developing aspiration pneumonia. Early detection can reduce the risk of pulmonary complications and death. Despite the fact that evidence...

    Authors: Jorun Sivertsen, Birgitte Graverholt and Birgitte Espehaug

    Citation: BMC Nursing 2017 16:27

    Content type: Research article

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  2. Responding to older people’s distress by acknowledging or encouraging further discussion of emotions is central to supportive, person-centred communication, and may enhance home care outcomes and thereby promo...

    Authors: Linda Hafskjold, Vibeke Sundling, Sandra van Dulmen and Hilde Eide

    Citation: BMC Nursing 2017 16:24

    Content type: Research article

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  3. An increasingly older population, improved diagnostics and treatment increase the number of older cancer survivors, thus more than 60% of those affected by cancer are over the age of 65. Symptom relief and the...

    Authors: Kristin Vassbotn Guldhav, Randi Jepsen, Siri Ytrehus and Ellen Karine Grov

    Citation: BMC Nursing 2017 16:18

    Content type: Research article

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  4. There is a shortage of registered nurses in the European Union (EU), and job dissatisfaction and perceived high work–family conflict have been identified as causes of nursing staff turnover. Reducing work hour...

    Authors: Kristina Gyllensten, Gunnar Andersson and Helena Muller

    Citation: BMC Nursing 2017 16:16

    Content type: Research article

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  5. In the healthcare sector, we often come across the burnout syndrome. It is an occupational syndrome which causes, physical and emotional exhaustion. More information is needed on the dangers of burnout and how...

    Authors: Eleni Lahana, Konstantina Papadopoulou, Olga Roumeliotou, Andreas Tsounis, Pavlos Sarafis and Dimitris Niakas

    Citation: BMC Nursing 2017 16:15

    Content type: Research article

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  6. Antibiotic overuse causes antibiotic resistance, one of the most important threats to human health. Older adults, particularly those in nursing homes, often receive antibiotics when they are not indicated.

    Authors: Christine E. Kistler, Anna Beeber, Sylvia Becker-Dreps, Kimberly Ward, Megan Meade, Brittany Ross and Philip D. Sloane

    Citation: BMC Nursing 2017 16:12

    Content type: Research article

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  7. Older patients in hospital may be unable to maintain hydration by drinking, leading to intravenous fluid replacement, complications and a longer length of stay. We undertook a systematic review to describe cli...

    Authors: Lloyd L. Oates and Christopher I. Price

    Citation: BMC Nursing 2017 16:4

    Content type: Research article

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  8. Psychiatric nurses are aware of the importance of the therapeutic relationship in psychiatric units. Nevertheless, a review of the scientific evidence indicates that theoretical knowledge alone is insufficient...

    Authors: Antonio R. Moreno-Poyato, Pilar Delgado-Hito, Raquel Suárez-Pérez, Juan M. Leyva-Moral, Rosa Aceña-Domínguez, Regina Carreras-Salvador, Juan F. Roldán-Merino, Teresa Lluch-Canut and Pilar Montesó-Curto

    Citation: BMC Nursing 2017 16:1

    Content type: Study protocol

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  9. The role of the school nurse is complex with many possible elements identified by previous research. The aim of this study is to understand perceptions of the role of the school nurse in order to support schoo...

    Authors: Beverley A. Hoekstra, Vicki L. Young, Charlotte V. Eley, Meredith K. D. Hawking and Cliodna A. M. McNulty

    Citation: BMC Nursing 2016 15:73

    Content type: Research article

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  10. Universal exclusive breastfeeding (EBF) for the first 6 months is estimated to reduce infant mortality by 13–15% (9 million) in resource poor countries. Although 97% of women initiate breastfeeding in Tanzania...

    Authors: Lucy E. Chale, Tanis R. Fenton and Neema Kayange

    Citation: BMC Nursing 2016 15:72

    Content type: Research article

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  11. Nutritional care is a basic human right for all people. Nevertheless, undernourishment is known to be a frequent and serious health care problem among elderly hospitalized patients in Western Europe. Nutrition...

    Authors: Kristin Halvorsen, Helene Kjøllesdal Eide, Kjersti Sortland and Kari Almendingen

    Citation: BMC Nursing 2016 15:70

    Content type: Research article

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  12. Pressure ulcer prevention is a critical patient safety indicator for acute care hospitals. An innovative pressure ulcer prevention care bundle targeting patient participation in their care was recently tested ...

    Authors: Shelley Roberts, Elizabeth McInnes, Marianne Wallis, Tracey Bucknall, Merrilyn Banks and Wendy Chaboyer

    Citation: BMC Nursing 2016 15:64

    Content type: Research article

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  13. Professional misconduct in healthcare, a (generally) lasting situation in which patients are at risk or actually harmed, can jeopardise the health and well-being of patients and the quality of teamwork. Two ty...

    Authors: Erica E. M. Maurits, Anke J. E. de Veer, Peter P. Groenewegen and Anneke L. Francke

    Citation: BMC Nursing 2016 15:59

    Content type: Research article

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  14. Nursing is perceived as a strenuous job. Although past research has documented that stress influences nurses’ health in association with quality of life, the relation between stress and caring behaviors remain...

    Authors: Pavlos Sarafis, Eirini Rousaki, Andreas Tsounis, Maria Malliarou, Liana Lahana, Panagiotis Bamidis, Dimitris Niakas and Evridiki Papastavrou

    Citation: BMC Nursing 2016 15:56

    Content type: Research article

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  15. The rationale behind this study is the increasing research on relationships between patient safety, evidence based practice and person centered care, and the growing interest in outcomes of surgical patients. ...

    Authors: Camilla Olsson, Anna Forsberg and Kristofer Bjerså

    Citation: BMC Nursing 2016 15:54

    Content type: Research article

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  16. The goal of total hip arthroplasty (THA) is optimal pain relief and a normalized health-related quality of life. Anxious patients describe more pain and more difficulties than non-anxious patients during rehab...

    Authors: Lars-Eric Olsson, Elisabeth Hansson and Inger Ekman

    Citation: BMC Nursing 2016 15:53

    Content type: Research article

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  17. In Hong Kong, the population is at risk of seasonal influenza infection twice a year. Seasonal influenza is significantly associated with the increased hospitalization of children. Maintaining personal hygiene...

    Authors: Winsome Lam, Cathrine Fowler and Angela Dawson

    Citation: BMC Nursing 2016 15:51

    Content type: Research article

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  18. Patient participation is required by law in Norway and in several western countries. Current participation ideology is based on individualism, which may conflict with the older generation’s commonly held value...

    Authors: Ingrid Nyborg, Kari Kvigne, Lars Johan Danbolt and Marit Kirkevold

    Citation: BMC Nursing 2016 15:50

    Content type: Research article

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  19. Pre-term and post-term births are major determinants of neonatal mortality, including short- and long-term morbidity. In developing countries, where pre-term and post-term births are disproportionately common,...

    Authors: Hayelom Gebrekirstos Mengesha, Wondwossen Terefe Lerebo, Abadi Kidanemariam, Gebremedhin Gebrezgiabher and Yemane Berhane

    Citation: BMC Nursing 2016 15:48

    Content type: Research article

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  20. Medication administration is the final step/phase of medication process in which its error directly affects the patient health. Due to the central role of nurses in medication administration, whether they are ...

    Authors: Berhanu Boru Bifftu, Berihun Assefa Dachew, Bewket Tadesse Tiruneh and Debrework Tesgera Beshah

    Citation: BMC Nursing 2016 15:43

    Content type: Research article

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  21. Providing high-quality diabetes care in nursing homes and home-based care facilities requires suitable instruments to evaluate the level of diabetes knowledge among the health-care providers. Thus, the aim of ...

    Authors: Anne Haugstvedt, Morten Aarflot, Jannicke Igland, Tilla Landbakk and Marit Graue

    Citation: BMC Nursing 2016 15:40

    Content type: Research article

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  22. Occupational stress exists in every profession, nevertheless, the nursing profession appears to experience more stress at work compared to other health care workers. Unmanaged stress leads to high levels of em...

    Authors: Tadesse Dagget, Ashagre Molla and Tefera Belachew

    Citation: BMC Nursing 2016 15:39

    Content type: Research article

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  23. Acquisition of psychomotor clinical skills has been shown to improve the quality of care provided to patients when care providers are competent. The aim of this study was to explore students, nurses and tutors...

    Authors: Omero Gonekani Mwale and Roselyn Kalawa

    Citation: BMC Nursing 2016 15:30

    Content type: Research article

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  24. Peripheral arterial disease is a chronic illness, and patients with peripheral arterial disease should receive advice about lifestyle changes and medical therapies to reduce further atherosclerotic complicatio...

    Authors: Christine Wann-Hansson and Anne Wennick

    Citation: BMC Nursing 2016 15:29

    Content type: Research article

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  25. Earlier studies in developed and a few developing countries have documented experiences of family members with critically-ill patients. However, in Tanzania no documented studies could be found in this study a...

    Authors: Thecla W. Kohi, Marwa W. Obogo and Lilian T. Mselle

    Citation: BMC Nursing 2016 15:18

    Content type: Research article

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  26. Pressure ulcers are common conditions among hospitalized patients and impose substantial burden on patients and their caregivers. To assess the knowledge and attitudes of health professionals towards PUs preve...

    Authors: Bayan Kaddourah, Amani K Abu-Shaheen and Mohamad Al-Tannir

    Citation: BMC Nursing 2016 15:17

    Content type: Research article

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  27. Use of over-the-counter analgesics among adolescents has increased markedly. High consumption of over-the-counter analgesics among adolescents is associated with frequent pain, lower self-esteem, reduced sleep...

    Authors: Siv Skarstein, Per Lagerløv, Lisbeth Gravdal Kvarme and Sølvi Helseth

    Citation: BMC Nursing 2016 15:16

    Content type: Research article

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  28. While many studies have addressed various issues with regards to pain management, there is limited knowledge about how nurses assess pain in surgical wards. This study aimed to describe Thai nurses’ experience...

    Authors: Manaporn Chatchumni, Ampaporn Namvongprom, Henrik Eriksson and Monir Mazaheri

    Citation: BMC Nursing 2016 15:12

    Content type: Research article

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  29. With the widespread use of orally administered anticancer agents, self-management by cancer patients is inevitable, and adherence to medication is becoming the centre of interest in oncology.

    Authors: Hiroko Komatsu, Kaori Yagasaki and Takuhiro Yamaguchi

    Citation: BMC Nursing 2016 15:9

    Content type: Study protocol

    Published on:

    The Erratum to this article has been published in BMC Nursing 2016 15:61

  30. Parents of children with cancer experience a demanding situation and often suffer from psychological problems such as stress. Trying to coping with the complex body of information about their child’s disease i...

    Authors: Anders Ringnér, Maria Björk, Cecilia Olsson and Ulla Hällgren Graneheim

    Citation: BMC Nursing 2015 14:69

    Content type: Study protocol

    Published on:

  31. Because parents with young children access primary health care services frequently, a key opportunity arises for Maternal and Child Health (MCH) nurses to actively work with families to support healthy infant ...

    Authors: R. Laws, K. J. Campbell, P. van der Pligt, K. Ball, J. Lynch, G. Russell, R. Taylor and E. Denney-Wilson

    Citation: BMC Nursing 2015 14:26

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  32. The Nurse-Family Partnership (NFP) is a targeted, nurse home visitation program for young, low-income, first-time mothers. While the effectiveness of the NFP has been established in the United States, and is c...

    Authors: Anne L Dmytryshyn, Susan M Jack, Marilyn Ballantyne, Olive Wahoush and Harriet L MacMillan

    Citation: BMC Nursing 2015 14:12

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  33. Family caregivers are confronted with high demands creating a need for professional support and at the same time hindering its utilization. Telephone support allows easier access than face-to-face support beca...

    Authors: Renate Soellner, Maren Reder, Anna Machmer, Rolf Holle and Gabriele Wilz

    Citation: BMC Nursing 2015 14:11

    Content type: STUDY PROTOCOL

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  34. Nurses in Sweden have a high absence due to illness and many retire before the age of sixty. Factors at work as well as in private life may contribute to health problems. To maintain a healthy work–force there...

    Authors: Madelaine Törnquist Agosti, Ingemar Andersson, Göran Ejlertsson and Ann-Christin Janlöv

    Citation: BMC Nursing 2015 14:2

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  35. Though advances in knowledge and diagnostics make it possible today to identify persons with early-onset dementia or a related cognitive disorder much sooner, little is known about the support needs of the fam...

    Authors: Francine Ducharme, Marie-Jeanne Kergoat, Renée Coulombe, Louise Lévesque, Pascal Antoine and Florence Pasquier

    Citation: BMC Nursing 2014 13:49

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  36. Bowel problems such as constipation, diarrhoea and faecal incontinence (FI) are prevalent conditions among nursing home residents and little is known about nursing management. This study aimed to elucidate how...

    Authors: Susan Saga, Arnfinn Seim, Siv Mørkved, Christine Norton and Anne Guttormsen Vinsnes

    Citation: BMC Nursing 2014 13:35

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  37. Being with dying people is an integral part of nursing, yet many nurses feel unprepared to accompany people through the process of dying, reporting a lack of skills in psychosocial and spiritual care, resultin...

    Authors: Kirsten A Tornøe, Lars J Danbolt, Kari Kvigne and Venke Sørlie

    Citation: BMC Nursing 2014 13:25

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

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